Parents’ Awareness of Healthy Food Intake among Toddlers in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

  • Nurul Safawati Abd Aziz
  • Nor Huda Md Asri


Parents play a crucial role in the upbringing and education of children, who are the country's future assets. Early education should commence at home, focusing not only on shaping the child's attitude and spirituality but also on providing a balanced diet that promotes overall health. Nutritious food is vital as it provides energy for active movement, supports the proper functioning of cells and organs, and strengthens the child's immune system. In 2019, revealed that one in five children under the age of five in Malaysia suffers from stunting. This alarming situation underscores the need for parents to address this issue seriously to safeguard the well-being of future generations. Furthermore, children are influenced by media and peers, often preferring sugary and high-calorie foods such as cakes, ice cream, snacks, and fast food. Hence, this study aimed to assess the level of parental awareness regarding the selection of daily food for children. Utilizing a quantitative approach and descriptive and regression analysis, the study involved 80 parents from various day care centers in the Kuantan district. The study's results indicated that parents with higher educational backgrounds displayed greater knowledge of healthy food intake. This suggests that education might play a role in increasing awareness and understanding of healthy eating habits among parents. Parents are clearly attentive and dedicated to offering their children nutritious and well-balanced meals.


Duncanson, K., Burrows, T., Holman, B., & Collins, C. (2013). Parents’ perceptions of child feeding: A qualitative study based on the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 34(4), 227–236.
Fink (2022). How to teach kids healthy eating habit. Health Essential.
González, D., Lafleur, T., O’Connor, T.M.,Hughes, S.O., & Masse, L.C. (2021). Are fathers’ and mothers’ food parenting practices differentially associated with children’s eating behaviors? In Appetite. Elsevier Ltd.
Ova (2022). Child stunting highest in East Coast and Putrajaya. Social Health Analytics Sdn Bhd.
Philippe, K., Chabanet, C., Issanchou, S., & Monnery-Patris, S. (2021). Are food parenting practices gendered? Impact of mothers’ and fathers’ practices on their child’s eating behaviors. Appetite, 105433.
Shohaimi, S., Wei, W. Y., & Mohd Shariff, Z. (2014). Confirmatory factor analysis of the malay version comprehensive feeding practices questionnaire tested among mothers of primary school children in Malaysia. Scientific World Journal, 2014.
Tang, Q., Lin, Q., Yang, Q., Sun, M., Liu, H., & Yang, L. (2020). Knowledge, attitude, and practice of adolescent parents on free sugar and influencing factors about recognition. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(11).
Vaughn, A. E., Ward, D. S., Fisher, J. O., Faith, M. S., Hughes, S. O., Kremers, S. P. J., Musher-Eizenman, D. R., O’Connor, T. M., Patrick, H., & Power, T. G. (2016). Fundamental 49 constructs in food parenting practices: A content map to guide future research. Nutrition Reviews, 74(2), 98–117.
Wearn,Y. J., (2022). Long-term effects of obesity in children. Entertainment and Lifestyle. The Sun Daily.
Yee, A. Z. H., Lwin, M. O., & Ho, S. S. (2017). The influence of parental practices on child promotive and preventive food consumption behaviors: A systematic review and metaanalysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 1–14.
How to Cite
ABD AZIZ, Nurul Safawati; MD ASRI, Nor Huda. Parents’ Awareness of Healthy Food Intake among Toddlers in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Asian Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 237-245, mar. 2024. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 19 may 2024.
English Section