Concept of Hybrid-Flexible Lecture using H.323 Protocol of Remote Conference System

  • Malayphone Sonephachanh
  • Naoki Ohshima

Abstract

This paper explores the innovative concept of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) lectures, utilizing the H.323 protocol in remote conferencing systems, a timely response to the evolving educational landscape accelerated by the global pandemic. Yamaguchi University's multi-campus model adopted H.264 codec teleconferencing systems to facilitate remote lectures and conferences. However, the onset of COVID-19 and the subsequent surge in online learning necessitated a more versatile approach. This study delves into integrating on-premises conferencing systems with cloud-based services like Webex, showcasing a novel solution that marries traditional and online teaching methods. The paper details the technological underpinnings, particularly the H.264 codec and H.323 protocol, which are essential for high-quality, efficient multimedia communication. It then illustrates the practical application of these technologies in creating a HyFlex environment, demonstrating their effectiveness through a series of feasibility tests conducted at Yamaguchi University. These tests reveal how the Hybrid-Flexible model can overcome typical challenges such as cost, technology infrastructure, and student engagement, providing an equitable learning experience for remote and in-person participants. Conclusively, the paper presents an insightful case study of adapting to change in the educational sector, offering a scalable and efficient model for universities worldwide. It underscores the potential of leveraging existing technology in restructuring to bridge the gap between traditional and digital learning, heralding a new era in education that is more inclusive, flexible, and resilient to unforeseen challenges.

References

Abdu, A.-K. (2018). A Review of Technology Integration in ELT: From CALL to MALL. Language Teaching and Educational Research, 1(1), 1-12.
An, Y. (2021). A History of Instructional Media, Instructional Design, and Theories. International Journal of Technology in Education, 4(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.46328/ijte.35
Beatty, B. J. (2019). Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course. Hybrid-Flexible Course Design.
Beldarrain, Y. (2006). Distance Education Trends: Integrating New Technologies to Foster Student Interaction and Collaboration. Distance Education, 27(2), 139-153. https://doi.org/10.1080/01587910600789498
Dede, C. (1996). The Evolution of Distance Education: Emerging Technologies and Distributed Learning. American Journal of Distance Education, 10(2), 4-36. https://doi.org/10.1080/08923649609526919
Detyna, M., Sanchez-Pizani, R., Giampietro, V., Dommett, E. J., & Dyer, K. (2023). Hybrid Flexible (HyFlex) Teaching and Learning: Climbing the Mountain of Implementation Challenges for Synchronous Online and Face-to-Face Seminars During a Pandemic. Learning environments research, 26(1), 145-159. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-022-09408-y
Fitzpatrick, C. Lockdowns Unlock Innovation Review of Innovations and Adaptations Affecting Persons with Disabilities Arising from COVID-19 Restrictions.
Hajdukiewicz, A., & Pera, B. (2020). Education for Sustainable Development—The case of Massive Open Online Course. Sustainability, 12(20), 8542. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208542
Hart, G. (1990). Peer Learning and Support Via Audio‐Teleconferencing in Continuing Education for Nurses. Distance Education, 11(2), 308-319. https://doi.org/10.1080/0158791900110209
Hirlehei, A. M. M. (2019). Enhancing Collaboration Efficiency Through Tailorability in Synchronous Groupware Dissertation, Duisburg, Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, 2019].
Hobson, P., & Jurkuhn, C. (2020). Intelligence for Harmonizing Cloud-Based and On-Premises Workflows in Standards Conversion. SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal, 129(10), 14-20. https://doi.org/10.5594/JMI.2020.3021566
Liu, Q., Rui, Y., Gupta, A., & Cadiz, J. J. (2001). Automating Camera Management for Lecture Room Environments. Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems,
Lytras, M. D., Serban, A. C., Ruiz, M. J. T., Ntanos, S., & Sarirete, A. (2022). Translating Knowledge into Innovation Capability: An Exploratory Study Investigating the Perceptions on Distance Learning in Higher Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic-the Case of Mexico. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 7(4), 100258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2022.100258
MacKevett, D., & Feubli, P. (2022). The Hybrid Classroom: Post-COVID19 Success Factors and Specifications for Dual-Mode Teaching and Learning. ICERI2022 Proceedings,
Marriott, S. (2007). Live Television: Time, Space and the Broadcast Event. Sage.
Mohan, S. (2013). Feasibility study of Hybrid Cloud Adoption in Education and Manufacturing The Ohio State University].
Morgan, B., & Ball, J. (2015). CCNA Collaboration CIVND 210-065 Official Cert Guide: CCNA Col CIVND 210-06 OCG_c1. Cisco Press.
O’Callaghan, F. V., Neumann, D. L., Jones, L., & Creed, P. A. (2017). The Use of Lecture Recordings in Higher Education: A Review of Institutional, Student, and Lecturer Issues. Education and Information Technologies, 22, 399-415. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-015-9451-z
Ohshima, N. (2018). Using H. 264 Codec Remote Conference System to Realize Credit Transfer of Global MOT Course at Yamaguchi University and Overseas Universities. INNOVATION AND MANAGEMENT, 1839. https://doi.org/10.26855/er.2021.09.006
Ohshima, N. (2021). Using H. 264 Codec Remote Conference System to Realize Credit Transfer of Global MOT Course at Yamaguchi University and ASEAN Universities. The Educational Review, USA, 5(9), 367-372.
Rooney, T. (2011). IP Address Management: Principles and Practice. John Wiley & Sons.
Sakib, F. (2022). Online Education Trajectory During the COVID-19 Pandemic Among the Bangladeshi Adolescent Children.
Schegloff, E. A. (2013). Harvey Sacks Lectures 1964–1965. Springer Science & Business Media.
Vivien, T. (2023). Digital Learning for the Digital Environment.
Weldy, T. G. (2018). Traditional, Blended, or Online: Business Student Preferences and Experience with Different Course Formats. E-Journal of Business Education and Scholarship of Teaching, 12(2), 55-62.
Yamaguchi. Yamaguchi University. (n.d.). Postgraduate Program. https://www.yamaguchi-u.ac.jp/english/academics/postgraduate_program/index.html. Accessed on Jul. 25, 2023.
Published
2024-03-01
How to Cite
SONEPHACHANH, Malayphone; OHSHIMA, Naoki. Concept of Hybrid-Flexible Lecture using H.323 Protocol of Remote Conference System. Asian Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 23-32, mar. 2024. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ajress/article/view/25958>. Date accessed: 19 may 2024.
Section
English Section