Implementation of Indigenous Peoples (IPEd) Program in Agusan del Sur: A Case Study
The study aimed to know the implementation of the Indigenous Peoples Education (IPEd) Program and the support received by the IPEd implementing schools coming from the different stakeholders. The researcher employed a qualitative research design using an exploratory case study. Interview guides were used during the interview of fifteen key informants, and the data were analyzed using the thematic analysis of Braun & Clarke. The results showed nine themes from the different clusters such as governance and management, curriculum and instruction, teacher's development, facilities and management of resources, the role of the culture bearers, parents' support, culture bearer's support, support from the local government units, and support from the other government agencies. It was found that the implementation of the Indigenous Peoples (IPEd) Program is still in the process, and the different stakeholders have a significant role in the program implementation.
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa
Calderon, J. F. & Gonzales, E. C. (2012). Methods of Research and Thesis Writing. National Book Store, Inc.
Cosentino, G. (2016, August 9). Indigenous peoples have a right to quality education. But so far, we've failed them. World Economic Forum. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/08/indigenous-people-have-a-right-to-quality-education-but-so-far-we-ve-failed-them/
David, N. D. (2013). Preservation of Indigenous Culture of Bataan through an Ayta Magbukon School of Living Tradition (SLT) Program. IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences, 7(1). http://ejournals.ph/form/cite.php?id=2282
Department of Education. (2011). DepEd order no. 62 s, 2011: "Adopting the national indigenous peoples (IP) education policy framework." https://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/DO-No.-62-s.-2011.pdf
Department of Education. (2015). DepEd order no. 32, s. 2015: "Adopting the indigenous peoples' education curriculum framework." https://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/DO_s2015_32.pdf
Department of Education. (2015). DepEd order no. 8, s. 2015: "Policy guidelines on classroom assessment for the K to 12 basic education program." https://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/DO_s2015_08.pdf
Department of Education. (2017). DepEd order no. 34, s. 2017: "Guidelines on the formation of consultative and advisory bodies on Indigenous Peoples Education (IPEd) in regions implementing the IPEd Program. https://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/DO_s2017_034.pdf
Department of Education. (2017). DepEd order no. 33, s. 2017: "Roles and responsibilities of the indigenous peoples' education focal persons at the regional and school's division levels." https://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/DO_s2017_033-1.pdf
George, T. (2022, May 7). Exploratory Research | Definition, Guide, & Examples. Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/exploratory-research/
International Labour Organization. (n.d.). Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention of 1989. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::p12100_instrument_id:312314
Matengu, M., Korkeamäki, R. L., & Cleghorn, A. (2019). Conceptualizing meaningful education: The voices of indigenous parents of young children. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 22, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lcsi.2018.05.007
Minority Rights Group. (2020, November 17). Philippines - World Directory of Minorities & Indigenous Peoples. https://minorityrights.org/country/philippines/
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. (n.d.-a). Convention on the Rights of the Child. OHCHR. https://www.ohchr.org/en/instruments-mechanisms/instruments/convention-rights-child
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. (n.d.-b). International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. OHCHR. https://www.ohchr.org/en/instruments-mechanisms/instruments/international-covenant-economic-social-and-cultural-rights
Republic of the Philippines. (1987). THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES – ARTICLE XIV | GOVPH. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/constitutions/the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines/the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines-article-xiv/
Republic of the Philippines. (1997, October 29). Republic Act No. 8371 | GOVPH. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/1997/10/29/republic-act-no-8371/
Republic of the Philippines. (2013, May 15). Republic Act No. 10533 | GOVPH. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2013/05/15/republic-act-no-10533/
Rhaiti, A. (2016, July 7). 'It Takes a Whole Village to Raise a Child' – An African Saying. Right for Education. https://rightforeducation.org/2016/07/07/it-takes-a-whole-village/
Rocha, M. G. D. L., & Latapí, A. E. (2016). Indigenous Girls in Rural Mexico: A Success Story? Girlhood Studies, 9(2), 65–81. https://doi.org/10.3167/ghs.2016.090206
Sarmiento, N. A., & Tudy, R. (2020). Passion for Teaching, Creativity, and Stakeholders' Support: Stories of Non-Indigenous Teachers Handling Indigenous Learners. The Philippine Journal of Graduate Education, 5(1), 47–63. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340962665_PASSION_FOR_TEACHING_CREATIVITY_AND_STAKEHOLDERS'_SUPPORT_STORIES_OF_NON-INDIGENOUS_TEACHERS_HANDLING_INDIGENOUS_LEARNERS/citations
Simons, H. (2009). Case study research in practice. SAGE.
Starman, A. B. (2013). The case study as a type of qualitative research. Journal of Contemporary Educational Studies, 64(1), 28-43.
Stavenhagen, R. (2015). Indigenous Peoples' Rights to Education. European Journal of Education, 50(3), 254–257. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26609275
United Nations. (n.d.). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. https://www.un.org/en/about-us/universal-declaration-of-human-rights
United Nations. (2008). United Nations declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples. www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/documents/DRIPS_en.pdf
United Nations Development Programme. (2013, July 24). Fast Facts: Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines | United Nations Development Programme. UNDP. https://www.undp.org/philippines/publications/fast-facts-indigenous-peoples-philippines
Wa-Mbaleka, S. (2013). Quality education for native Filipinos: A phenomenological case study of indigenous learning. IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences 6(1),1-15. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7718/ijss.v6i1.510
World Bank. (2022, April 14). Indigenous Peoples. https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/indigenouspeoples