Social Mobility and its Challenges Towards Orang Asli: A Conceptual Paper
Due to the causes and effects of collective or individual movements resulting from changes in the social structure, social mobility exists (Aldridge, 2001). Malaysia was ranked 43rd in the World Economic Forum's Global Social Mobility Report released in 2020, meaning that people have fewer chances in health care, education, access to technology, working conditions, and social protection. In addition, social mobility impacts indigenous people's employment, education, and danger of exclusion. If the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is implemented with these ideals of equality and participation in mind, it can be revolutionary for indigenous peoples. Malaysia's government is dedicated to improving the indigenous people's socioeconomic well-being to attain the SDGs. Furthermore, the Malaysian government has established many development programmes, including the New Economic Policy, the Structured Placement Program, and others, to increase the social mobility of indigenous people. As a result, this conceptual paper will focus on a discussion of the paucity of research on Orang Asli's social mobility in Malaysia, factors influencing social mobility, difficulties impacting social mobility, and future studies in social mobility involving Malaysia's indigenous people.
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