Understanding Learners’ Difficulties In Narrative Writing Among Malaysian Primary Learners

  • Nur Amalina Jaafar Siddek UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  • Hanita Hanim Ismail

Abstract

English was perceived as a second language (L2) after the national language, Bahasa Malaysia (BM). In Malaysia, English lessons encompassed the four language skills, which were receptive skills (listening and reading) and productive skills (speaking and writing). Nevertheless, most English as Second Language (ESL) learners were having difficulties in writing, as well as narrative writing. Since English was widely used internationally, and it played a vital role in employment prospects in Malaysia, there was a need to discover and investigate the primary students’ predicaments to learn English. Hence, this research aimed to investigate factors influencing Malaysian primary school learners' difficulties with second language narrative writing and to investigate how their first language interferes with their second language narrative writing skills. A purposive sampling strategy was used to collect quantitative data from 38 respondents coming from the first-class Year 5 students from one national school in Gombak district, Selangor through the questionnaire. To qualitatively analyze the data, document analysis was performed on the students' final year assessment writing scripts. The finding from this research manifested the first language (L1) of learners had an immense effect on their L2. There were other factors such as learners’ prior experiences, effective and constructive feedback on pieces of writing that would influence Malaysian primary school learners’ difficulties in narrative writing.

References

Abu Bakar, K., Abdul Hamid, Z., Mat Awal, N., & Jalaluddin, H. (2006). First Language
Influence on Second Language Performance: A Study of Common English
Grammatical Errors among Rural Secondary School Students. In: The Second Biennial
International Conference on Teaching and Learning of English in Asia: Exploring New
Frontiers (TELiA2), 14-16 June 2007, Holiday Villa Beach & Spa Resort, Langkawi.
Afrin, S. 2016. Writing Problems of Non-English Major Undergraduate Students in
Bangladesh: An Observation. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3), 104-115.
https://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jss.2016.43016
Aliyar, M. 2020. A Corpus-based Analysis of Linguistic Interference of Italian Native
Speakers in English and Spanish Written Production as a Foreign Language. Journal
of Second Language Teaching and Research, 8(1), 103-137. https://pops.uclan.ac.uk/index.php/jsltr/article/view/592/222
AlTameemy, F. A., Alrefaee, Y. & Alalwi, F. S. 2020. Using Blackboard as a Tool of
E-Assessment in Testing Writing Skill in Saudi Arabia. Asian ESP Journal, 16(6.2), 183-202. https://www.asian-esp-journal.com/volume-16-issue-6-2-december-2020/
Ariyanti, A., & Fitriana, R (2017). EFL students’ difficulties and needs in essay writing.
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR) 158. Paper presented at the International Conference on Teacher Training and Education 2017 (ICTTE 2017). 111-121. https://dx.doi.org/10.2991/ICTTE-17.2017.4
Baig, M. (2012). Needs Analysis of Second Language Learners with particular regard to their
Writing Skills. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (JHSS), 3(1), 15-24.
Chow, V.T. (2007). The Effects of the Process-Genre Approach to Writing Instruction on
the Expository Essays of ESL Students in a Malaysian Secondary School.
Unpublished PhD thesis. Universiti Sains Malaysia. Penang, Malaysia.
Cook, V. (2016). Second language learning and language teaching. 5th ed. New York:
Routledge.
Cummings, J. (1994). The Acquisition of English as a Second Language. In:
Spangenberg-Urbschat, K. & Pritchard, R. (Eds.). Kids come in all languages:
Reading Instruction for ESL Students. Newark. DE: International Reading Association.
Darus, S. & Subramaniam, K. (2009). Error Analysis of the Written English Essays of
Secondary. School Students in Malaysia: A Case Study. European Journal of Social
Sciences. 8(3), 483-495.
El-Dhakhs, D. A., Prue, T. T. & Ijaz, A. (2017) The Effect of the Explicit Instruction of
Formulaic in Pre-writing Vocabulary Activities on Foreign Language Writing.
International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature.
6(4). http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.6n.4p.21.
Fareed, M., Ashraf, A., & Bilal, M. (2016). ESL Learners’ Writing Skills: Problems, Factors
and Suggestions. Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 4(2), 81-92.
http://dx.doi.org/10.20547/JESS0421604201
Fazdilah, M. K. (2013). The effects of language skills on students’ writing: A case study. Paper
presented at the 2nd UPALS International Conference on Languages.
Frey, B. B. (2018). Document Analysis. SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research,
Measurement, and Evaluation.
Ghabol, N., Mariadass, M.E., & Kashef, S.H. (2012) Investigating Malaysian ESL Students'
Writing Problems on Conventions, Punctuation, and Language Use at Secondary
School Level. Journal of Studies in Education, 2(3), 130-143.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/jse.v2i3.189
Ghulamuddin, N.J.A., Mohd Mohari, S.K., & Ariffin, K. (2021). Discovering Writing
Difficulties of Malay ESL Primary School Level Students. International Journal of
Linguistics and Translation Studies, 2(1), 27-39.
https://dx.doi.org/10.36892/ijlts.v2i1.105
Halliwell, S. & Jones, B. (1991). On target teaching in the target language. London: Centre
for Information on Language Teaching and Research.
Harun, H. & Abdullah, Kamarul, M. K. K. (2020). Errors in Writing Made by Malaysian Rural
Primary School Pupils. Studies in English Language and Education, 7(2), 438-456.
http:/.dx.doi.org/10.24815/siele.v7i2.17009
Herdi, H. (2015). An Analysis On Factors Influencing the Students’ Writing Skill.
ELT-Lectura Studies and Perspective in English Language Teaching, 2(2), 19-22. https://doi.org/10.31849/elt-lectura.v2i2.465
Hussein A. A. & Fawzi, M. M. (2008). Negative L 1 Impact on L2 Writing. International
Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(18), 184-195.
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.418.219&rep=rep1&type=p
df
Husin, M. S. & Ariffin, K. (2008). Code-switching and Code-mixing of English and Bahasa
Malaysia in Content Based Classrooms: Frequency and Attitudes. The Linguistics
Journal, 5(1), 220-247.
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.418.219&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Islam, S. M. (2020). L1 Interference in the Acquisition of English Syntax and Lexis. Journal
of Education and Social Sciences, 15(1), 56-70. https://www.jesoc.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/JESOC15_315.pdf
Lim, H.P. (1976). Errors and Error Analysis in TESL: The Malaysian Experience. RELC
Journal, 7(2), 23- 35. https://doi.org/10.1177/003368827600700203
Manan, N.A.A., Zamri, Z.M., Pillay, I.A.S., Adnan A.H.M., Yusof, J., & Raslee, N.N. (2017).
Mother Tongue Interference in the Writing of English as a Second Language (ESL)
Malay Learners. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(11), 1294-1301. https://dx.doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i11/3566
Maros, M., Stapa, S.H., Yasin, M.S.M. (2005). English Language Proficiency Levels and
Needs of International Postgraduate Students: Implications and Recommendations.
Asian Social Science, 8(13), 181-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ass.v8n13p181
Mathers N., Fox N., & Hunn A. (2007). Surveys and Questionnaires. Sheffield: Trent RDSU
Miin, W. P., Rou, L. Y., & Yunus, M. M. (2019). Google Docs: Step by Step Sentence
Construction for Primary School Marginal Passing Rate Pupils. Creative Education,
10(2), 237-245. https://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2019.102019
Misbah, N. H., Mohamad, M., Yunus, M.M., & Ya’acob, A. (2017). Identifying the Factors
Contributing to Students’ Difficulties in the English Language Learning. Creative
Education, 8(13), 1999-2008. https://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ce.2017.813136
Musa, C.N., Lie, Y.K., & Azman, H. (2012). Exploring English Language Learning and
Teaching in Malaysia. GEMA Online: Journal of Language Studies, 12(1), 35-51.
https://ejournal.ukm.my/gema/article/view/20/14
Nishanthi, R. (2018). The importance of Learning English in Today World. International
Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD, 3(1), 871-874.
https://dx.doi.org/10.31142/ijtsrd19061
Sharma, G. (2017). Pros and Cons of Different Sampling Techniques. International Journal of
Applied Research, 3(7), 749-752.
Snorradottir, A.B. (2014). Language use in the English classroom-The role of students’ first
language in grades 9 and 10 in English classrooms in Iceland. Unpublished Bachelor dissertation. University of Iceland.
The Ministry of Education. (2018). English Language Curriculum Framework – Primary.
Thulasi, S., Ismail, F., & Salam A.R. 2015. Role of Model Essays in Developing Students Writing Skills in Malaysian Schools: A Review of Literature. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(2), https:// dx.doi.org/10.5901/mjss2015.v6n2s1p56
Vahdatinejad, S. (2008). Students’ error analysis and attitude towards teacher feedback using
a selected software: A case study. Unpublished Master thesis. Universiti Kebangsaan
Malaysia, Bangi.
Vasu. K., Ling H. C., & Nimehchisalem. V. (2016) Malaysian Tertiary Level ESL Students’
Perceptions toward Teacher Feedback, Peer Feedback and Self-assessment in their
Writing. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 5(5).
https://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.5n.5p.158
Wang, L. (2003). Switching to first language among writers with differing second-language
proficiency. Journal of Second Language Writing online, 12(1), 347-375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jslw.2003.08.003
Woodal, B. R. (2002). Language Switching: using the first language while writing in a second
language. Journal of Second Language Writing, 11, 7-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1060-3743(01)00051-0
Published
2021-08-01
How to Cite
JAAFAR SIDDEK, Nur Amalina; ISMAIL, Hanita Hanim. Understanding Learners’ Difficulties In Narrative Writing Among Malaysian Primary Learners. Asian Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 244-255, aug. 2021. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ajress/article/view/14165>. Date accessed: 04 july 2022.
Section
Articles