Integration of YouTube Videos in Learning Present Perfect Tense in an ESL Classroom
The proliferation of YouTube video usage in higher education such as universities and colleges has raised questions about the extent of YouTube’s potential in secondary education as well. Therefore, this study addresses three research objectives in ESL secondary school setting. The first objective evaluates on the students’ perception towards the use of YouTube videos in learning Present Perfect Tense with regards to the elements of 1) Interesting, 2) Relevant, 3) Beneficial, 4) Motivating inside the classroom, as well as 5) Motivating outside the classroom. The second objective analyses on the elements of YouTube videos that promote engagement among students in learning Present Perfect Tense while the third objective explores on the advantages and disadvantages of YouTube videos in learning Present Perfect Tense. A total number of seven students aged 15 years old took part in this qualitative study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews and classroom observations with the students. Findings have revealed positive perception from students on the use of YouTube to learn Present Perfect Tense, highlighting on various stimulus combinations that have managed to engage students behaviourally, emotionally and cognitively towards the lesson. On top of that, the findings have further emphasized on the elements of YouTube videos referring to the presence of actions, subtitles, as well as narrators that have contributed towards students’ engagement towards the lesson. However, students still faced several challenges while learning Present Perfect Tense using YouTube videos. The findings can set as a guideline for teachers who wish to use YouTube videos in the classroom to understand the elements of appropriate YouTube videos and consider the challenges so that the chosen videos can best address the particular topic as well as the target students.
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