Determinants of Food Production in Southeast Asia Region

  • Jarita Duasa
  • Neneng Ela Fauziyyah1 Ela Fauziyyah
  • Nurhasya Adibah Mohd Radzman


The objective of the current study is to examine significant contributors to food production in nine selected countries of Southeast Asia using yearly data span from 2006 to 2016. The panel estimation is adopted and the fixed effect model has been selected as an appropriate model. The baseline model without interaction effect reveals that real gross domestic product per capita, fixed capital formation and Consumer Price Index (CPI) significantly contribute to food production in the region. The second model is developed using interaction variables to obtain robust results. With interaction effects, fixed capital formation affects food production negatively with CO2 emission as mediating factor. The relationship between CO2 emission as an environmental factor and food production index is positive and significant. The findings suggest more appropriate policies and innovative programs should be adopted in agriculture sector of the countries in study to boost food production and lessen food insecurity in the region.


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How to Cite
DUASA, Jarita; ELA FAUZIYYAH, Neneng Ela Fauziyyah1; MOHD RADZMAN, Nurhasya Adibah. Determinants of Food Production in Southeast Asia Region. Asian Journal of Research in Business and Management, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 11-22, mar. 2023. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 10 june 2023.