Moderating Effect of Construction Manager Perspective Toward Leadership Behavior in Decision Making Process and Performance

  • Agil Okta Yohan Ferzia
  • Elok Savitri Pusparini


This research was conducted to determine the effect of TMT cognitive conflict as a mediator variable on the effect between Directive leadership, Empowering leadership and Narcissistic leadership on Strategic decisions comprehensiveness as well as the mediating effect of Strategic decisions comprehensiveness on the effect between Directive leadership, Empowering leadership and Narcissistic leadership on Project performance. The data was collected through on-line questionnaires and analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). A total of 109 construction projects in Indonesia participated as research samples. Results showed that Directive leadership and Empowering leadership are types of leadership that contribute positive results to project performance and will increase even more when mediated by Strategic decisions comprehensiveness. But it should also be noted that conflict factors at site manager level can have a negative effect on strategy in the decision-making process and overall company performance. Companies need to educate Project Managers on how to lead a construction project with a directive and empowering leadership behavior and provide education in strategizing decision making during the project.



Amindoni, A. (2018, February 5). Kecelakaan konstruksi terulang lagi, pengamat sebut ada “kegagalan manajemen.” BBC Indonesia - Https://Www.Bbc.Com/Indonesia/Indonesia-42936868.
Atuahene-Gima, K., & Li, H. (2004). Strategic decision comprehensiveness and New Product Development Outcomes in New Technology Ventures. Academy of Management Journal.
Badan Pusat Statistik. (2021). Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia Triwulan IV-2021 - No. 14/02/Th. XXV, 7 Februari 2022.
Barney, J. (1991). Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99–120.
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182.
Cannella, B., Finkelstein, S., & Hambrick, D. C. (2008). Strategic Leadership. Oxford University Press.
Gharehbaghi, K., & McManus, K. (2003). The Construction Manager as a Leader. Leadership and Management in Engineering, 3(1), 56–58.
Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., Gudergan, S. P., Fischer, A., Nitzl, C., & Menictas, C. (2018). Partial least squares structural equation modeling-based discrete choice modeling: an illustration in modeling retailer choice. Business Research, 12(1), 115–142.
Hasanuddin. (2022, February 5). Konstruksi Penyumbang Terbesar Kecelakaan Kerja di Indonesia. Https://Konstruksimedia.Com/Konstruksi-Penyumbang-Terbesar-Kecelakaan-Kerja-Di-Indonesia/.
Jitpaiboon, T., Smith, S. M., & Gu, Q. (2019). Critical Success Factors Affecting Project performance: An Analysis of Tools, Practices, and Managerial Support. Project Management Journal, 50(3), 271–287.
Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat. (2020). Rencana Strategis Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat 2020-2024.
Kishton, J. M., & Widaman, K. F. (1994). Unidimensional versus domain representative parceling of questionnaire items: An empirical example. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 54(3), 757–765.
Kreitner, Robert., & Kinicki, Angelo. (2010). Organizational behavior. McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Lee, A., Willis, S., & Tian, A. W. (2018). Empowering leadership: A meta-analytic examination of incremental contribution, mediation, and moderation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 39(3), 306–325.
Li, & Tong, Y. (2021). Does narcissistic leadership enhance employee resilience? A moderated mediation model of goal-directed energy and psychological availability. Leadership and Organization Development Journal.
Mahdi, M. I. (2022, April 28). Kasus Kecelakaan Kerja di Indonesia Alami Tren Meningkat Artikel ini telah tayang di dengan judul “Kasus Kecelakaan Kerja di Indonesia Alami Tren Meningkat”., Author: M Ivan Mahdi. Editor: Dimas Bayu. Klik selengkapnya di sini: Https://Dataindonesia.Id/Sektor-Riil/Detail/Kasus-Kecelakaan-Kerja-Di-Indonesia-Alami-Tren-Meningkat.
Malhotra, K. N., Nunan, D., & Birks, F. D. (2017). Marketing Research: An Applied Approach 5th Edition. In Pearson India Education Services (5th ed.). Pearson.
Otten, M. (2009). Choking vs. Clutch Performance: A Study of Sport Performance Under Pressure. In Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology (Vol. 31).
Piaget, J. , B. T. , & T. K. J. (1985). The equilibration of cognitive structures: The central problem of intellectual development. University of Chicago Press.
Ping, R. A. (1995). A Parsimonious Estimating Technique for Interaction and Quadratic Latent Variables. Journal of Marketing Research, 32(3).
PT. PP (Persero) Tbk. (2003). Buku Referensi Untuk Kontraktor Bangunan Gedung Dan Sipil. In Pt Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Sagie, A., Zaidman, N., Amichai-Hamburger, Y., Te’eni, D., & Schwartz, D. G. (2002). An empirical assessment of the loose-tight leadership model: Quantitative and qualitative analyses. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(3), 303–320.
She, Z., Li, Q., London, M., Yang, B., & Yang, B. (2020). Effects of CEO narcissism on decision-making comprehensiveness and speed. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 35(1), 42–55.
Turner, J. R. (1999). The Handbook of Project-Based Management, 2nd ed. Improving the Processes for Achieving Strategic Objectives (2nd ed., pp. 49–68). McGraw-Hill Company.
Uppal, N. (2020). CEO narcissism, CEO duality, TMT agreeableness and firm performance: An empirical investigation in auto industry in India. European Business Review, 32(4), 573–590.
Wijanto, S. H. (2008). Metode penelitian menggunakan Structural Equation Modeling dengan Lisrel 8.8 : Konsep & Tutorial. Lembaga Penerbit Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia.
Winge, S., Albrechtsen, E., & Arnesen, J. (2019). A comparative analysis of safety management and safety performance in twelve construction projects. Journal of Safety Research, 71, 139–152.
Yi, Y., Chen, Y., & He, X. (2021). CEO Leadership, Strategic Decision Comprehensiveness, and Firm Performance: The Moderating Role of TMT Cognitive Conflict. Management and Organization Review, 18(1), 131–166.
Zhang, Y., Hou, Z., Yang, F., Yang, M. M., & Wang, Z. (2021). Discovering the evolution of resource-based theory: Science mapping based on bibliometric analysis. Journal of Business Research, 137.
How to Cite
YOHAN FERZIA, Agil Okta; PUSPARINI, Elok Savitri. Moderating Effect of Construction Manager Perspective Toward Leadership Behavior in Decision Making Process and Performance. Asian Journal of Research in Business and Management, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 87-97, june 2022. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 15 aug. 2022.