Blue Ternate (Clitoria Ternatea L.): Nutritive Analysis of Flowers and Seeds

  • Lorelyn Joy N. Turnos


The mineral composition of a plant is one of the criteria used in evaluating the potential of a certain crop for any medicinal purposes and other health benefits.   Determining the mineral elements as well as their concentrations in plants is very important because these information can be used and considered when subjecting the crop for human consumption and when used as one of the ingredients in by-products. Clitoria ternatea L., commonly known as blue ternate, contains good source of anthocyanin.  This study was conducted to assess mineral and nutritional values of the flowers and seeds of  Clitoria.  This was conducted at the University of Southern Mindanao (USM), Kabacan, Cotabato, Philippines from January to June 2020. Flowers of three species of Clitoria, namely:  blue double-, blue-single- and white single-layered varieties were evaluated.  Analysis revealed higher amount of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, ash content and dry matter on the blue-single-layered Clitoria variety.  Results of the proximate analysis of the seeds were:  carbohydrates (36.69%), total sugars (4.92%), crude fat (12.26%), crude protein (40.59%) and sodium (76.29 µg/g).


Agarwal, N., Sharma, R., Basu, S., Parekh, A., Sarkar, A. & Agarwal, V. K. (2007). Bay of Bengal summer monsoon 10–20 day variability in sea surface temperature using model and observations. Geophysical Research Letters 34: doi: 10.1029/2007GL029296. ISSN: 0094-8276.
Alawi, A. M., Maioni, S. W. & Falhammar, H. (2018). Magnesium and Human Health: Perspectives and Research Directions. International Journal of Endocrinology. 2018: 9041694.
Codex Alimentarius Commission. (1995). Codex general standard for contaminants and toxins in food and feed. Codex Stan 193. Retrieved on February 16, 2016 from CODEX.
Constantin, M. & Alexandru, I. (2011). The Role of Sodium in the Body. Balneo Research Journal. Volume 2. Nr. 1.
Deshmukh, S. & Jadhav, V. (2014). Bromatological and mineral assessment of Clitoria ternatea Linn leaves. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 6(3), 244-246
Ezzudin, M. & Rabeta, M. S. (2018). A potential of Telang tree (Clitoria ternatea) in human health. Food Research 2(5):415-420.
Freeze, H. 1998. Disorder in protein glycosylation and protein therapy. The Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 133, No. 5, pp 553-600.
Food Standards Australia and New Zealand. (2016). FSANZ website: documents/ FSANZ.
Forbes, G. B. (2012). Human body composition: growth, aging, nutrition, and activity. New York: Springer.
Gandhi. S. & Patil. V. P. (1993). Chromosome morphology of Clitoria ternatea and C. biflora.Cytologia, 58:133-138.
Gopalan, C., Rama, B. V., & Balasumramanian, S. C. (2004). Nutritive value of Indian foods. National Institute of nutrition, Indian council of medical research, Hydrabad.500007, India, 2-3.
Goyal, S. (2017). Is Nitrogen Important for Human Body?
Kadam, M. P. & Patil, Y. D. (2013). Effect of Coal Bottom Ash as Sand Replacement on the Properties of Concrete with different W/C ratio, International Journal of Advanced Technology in Civil Engineering, vol. 2, Issue 1, 2013, pp.45-50.
Kalamani, A. & Gomez, M. (2001). Genetic variability in Clitoria spp. Annuals of Agricultural Research. 22:213-245.
Kalamani, A. & Gomez, M. (2003). Exploitation of new ornamental types in Clitoria (Clitoria spp.). Int. J. Mendel., 20: 41-42.
Kazuma, K., Noda, N. & Suzuki, M. (2003). Malonylated flavonol glycosides from the petals of Clitoria ternatea. Phytochemistry, 62(2), 229-237.
Kelemu, S., Cardona, C. & Segura, G. (2004). Antimicrobial and insecticidal protein isolated from seeds of Clitoria ternatea, a tropical forage legume. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 42: 867-873.
Khan, F., Amirthadevarathinam, A., Sudhakar, D. & Vaidyanatlran, P. (1996). Inheritance of flower color and petal shape in blue pea. Madras Agricultural Journal, 83: 642-643.
Khatoon, S., Irshad, S., Rawat, A. K. S. & Misra, P. K. (2015). Comparative Pharmacognostical Studies of Blue and White Flower Varieties of Clitoria ternatea L. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Natural Products.
Kleinhenz, M. D. & Bumgarner, N. R. (2013). Using °Brix as an Indicator of Vegetable Quality: An Overview of the Practice. Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.
Komaraiah, K. & Rao, B. R. (2010). Morphological Comparison Between Blue and White Flower Morphotypes of Butterfly Pea (Clitoria ternatea L., Family: Fabacaeae). Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Centre, Boduppal, Hyderabad.
Lijon, B., Meghla, N. S., Jahedi, E., Rahman, A. & Hossain, I. ( 2017). Phyto-chemistry and pharmacological activities of Clitoria ternatea. International Journal of Natural and Social Sciences. ISSN: 2313-4461, 2017, 4(1):01-10.
Mahala, A. G., Amasiab, M. O., Yousif, M. A. & Elsadig, A. (2012) . Effect of plant age on DM yield and nutritive value of some leguminous plants (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, Lablab purpureus and Clitoria ternatea). Int. Res. J. Agricultural Science and Soil Science. 2012; 2(12): 502- 508. 32.
Matthew, G., & Ninan, C. A. (1989). Karyomorphologival studies on five varieties of Clitoria ternatea L. Cytologia. 54:401-407.
Medical News Today. (2020).
Miller, K. & Levine, J. (2003). Biology. Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ, 200.
Momin, R. K. & Kadam, V. B. (2011). Biochemical Analysis of Leaves of Some Medicinal Plants of Genus Sesbania . Journal of Ecobiotechnology 2011, 3(2): 14-16. ISSN: 2077-0464.
Mukherjee, P. K., Saritha, G. S. & Suresh, B. (2002). Antimicrobial potential of Two Different Hypericum species available in India. Phytotherapy Research, 16: 692-695.
National Standard of China on Maximum Levels of Contaminants in Foods (NSCMLCF). (2005). USDA Foreign Agricultural Service. Retrieved on February 19, 2016 from USDA website.
Neda, G. D., Rabeta, M. S. & Ong, M. T. (2013). Chemical composition and anti-proliferative properties of flowers of Clitoria ternatea. International Food Research Journal, 20(3), 1229-1234.
Plant Analysis Handbook for Georgia (PAHG). (1989). College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. University of Georgia.
Rai, K. S. (2010). Neurogenic Potential of Clitoria ternatea Aqueous Root Extract–A Basis for Enhancing Learning and Memory. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 70: 237-240.
Siddhuraju, P., Becker, K. & Makker, H. S. (2001). Chemical composition, protein fractionation, essential amino acid potential and antimetabolic constituents of an unconventional legume, Gila bean (Entada phaseoloides Merrill.) seed kernel. Journal of Science Food and Agriculture. 82: 192 -202. 29.
Slimestad, R., Anderson, O.M., Francis, G. W., Martson, A. & Hostettmann, K. (1995). Syringetin 3-O-(6ʺacetyl)- β-glucopyranoside and other flavonols from needles of Norway spruce, Picea abies. Phytochemistry, 40(5), 1537-1542. https://
Srivastava, B. K. & Pande, C. S. (1977). Anthocyanins from the flowers of Clitoria ternatea. Planta Med. 32, 138. (CA 87, 180749).
Terahara, N., Saito, N., Honda, T., Toki, K. & Osajima, Y. (1990). Further structural elucidation of the anthocyanin, deacylternatin from Clitoria ternatea. Phytochem 29: 3686-3687.
Trease, G. E. & Evans, W. C. (1983). Pharmacognosy. 12th edition, Bailliere, Tindall, East Bourne, 1732.
Uma, B. (2009). Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activity of Clitoria ternatea Linn. against extended spectrum beta lactamase producing enteric and urinary pathogens. Asian J. Pharm. Clin. Res. 2: 94-96.
How to Cite
JOY N. TURNOS, Lorelyn. Blue Ternate (Clitoria Ternatea L.): Nutritive Analysis of Flowers and Seeds. Asian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 103-112, aug. 2021. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 24 oct. 2021.