Conductivity and Morphological Studies of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)-Magnesium Triflate-Ethylene Carbonate Gel Polymer Electrolyte
Gel polymer electrolyte based on poly (vinyl alcohol)(PVA)–magnesium triflate (MgTf) incorporating with different weight percentage (wt.%) of ethylene carbonate (EC) as plasticizer has been prepared by using solution casting method. The ionic conductivity of PVA–MgTf–EC gel polymer electrolyte has been determined by using Electrochemical Impedance Spctroscopy (EIS) and has achieved an optimum value at 1.26 x 10-4 S.cm-1 when 50 wt.% of EC is added into the system. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) has been performed to study the molecular interaction between components in PVA-MgTf-EC gel polymer electrolyte. The complexations between the materials used in electrolyte system are observed based on shifting of the bands and changes in intensity of peaks in FTIR spectra. The morphological behaviour of electrolyte has been studied by using Field Emission Scanning Electron Spectroscopy (FESEM) to observe the changes of PVA based gel polymer electrolyte when EC is added to the system.
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