Modifies Hummer’s Method of Graphene Oxide Nanostructures for Fibre Optic Sensors Application

  • Siti Rabizah Makhsin Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Izham Hakimi Mohd Zali Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Rozina Abdul Rani Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nor Hayati Saad Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Azmi Ayub Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract

For optical fibre sensors applications, nanomaterials have been widely used to enhance sensor performance. Here, the fibre optic uses the transmission of light by total internal reflection along with the fibre and depending on the diameter of the fibre and the wavelength of the light used. Among others, graphene oxides nanostructures (GO) would offer exceptional advantages on the sensing mechanism due to 2D properties of the monocellular layer originally from graphite. The main objectives of this research are to successfully synthesis of GO using a chemical reduction method known as modifies Hummer’s method and later, deposited the GO onto the modified fibre optic layer to create a sensing platform. Prior than that, the standard plastic of fibre optic (POF) was modified by removing the cladding layer (1 cm) using a mechanical etching technique, thus the sensing platform can be created. The morphology and optical properties of the system were characterised using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. Result of the preparation and characterisation of GO-optical fibre coatings was presented, considering its potential use for sensing applications. The stable GO was prepared by 3 hours of stirring time during the synthesis and longer dipping time was preferred to fully coat the core of the exposed POF. Aiming to explore this scheme for sensing applications, GO-coated tilted fibre will be later measuring via refractive index variations. An improvement on the sensitivity should be obtained and thus become a promising sensing platform for the development of a new line of sensors.

Published
2021-02-28
How to Cite
MAKHSIN, Siti Rabizah et al. Modifies Hummer’s Method of Graphene Oxide Nanostructures for Fibre Optic Sensors Application. Scientific Research Journal, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 1, p. 15-26, feb. 2021. ISSN 2289-649X. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/SRJ/article/view/11386>. Date accessed: 30 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/srj.v18i1.11386.