The Relationships between Physical Learning Environment, Psychological Characteristics, and HOTS

  • Mohd Azry Abdul Malik Department of Statistics, Faculty of Computer Science and Mathematics, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Bukit Ilmu,18500 Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Mazlini Adnan Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia
  • Mohd Rahimie Md Noor Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Computer Science and Mathematics, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Bukit Ilmu,18500 Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Firdaus Mustapha Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Computer Science and Mathematics, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Bukit Ilmu,18500 Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia

Abstract

The study investigates the relationships between the physical learning environment (PLE), psychological characteristics (students’ academic self-efficacy and satisfaction), and higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) in statistics education. The study also aimed to determine if psychological characteristics mediate the relationships between the PLE and HOTS. A total of 285 students were selected as samples using cluster sampling. The study instruments were adapted from Smart classroom inventory, science laboratory environment inventory, test of science-related attitudes, self-efficacy in learning and performance for college, and dimension of learning rubrics. The gathered data were analysed using Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The findings revealed that a significant direct relationship existed between PLE and HOTS. Moreover, the PLE also did influence the students’ HOTS indirectly through psychological characteristics (academic self-efficacy and satisfaction). The findings from this study give an important and valuable contribution to knowledge in the area of HOTS research in the context of Malaysian Institution of Higher Learning. The implication of this study suggests that the good quality of PLE in statistics education would influence students’ HOTS directly and also indirectly through the positive development of psychological characteristics in teaching and learning (T&L) process.


Keywords: physical learning environment, psychological characteristics, academic self-efficacy, satisfaction, higher-order thinking skills

Published
2020-08-27
How to Cite
ABDUL MALIK, Mohd Azry et al. The Relationships between Physical Learning Environment, Psychological Characteristics, and HOTS. Social and Management Research Journal, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, p. 101-132, aug. 2020. ISSN 0128-1089. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/SMRJ/article/view/10516>. Date accessed: 17 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/smrj.v17i2.10516.

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