Development of Bio Organic Pot Using Different Type of Waste for Germination Stage
Large amount of organic waste in the environment has become one of the main issues globally including in Malaysia, the percentage of organic waste in the environment was between 48 to 68% (A. K. Aeslina et al, 2016). There are various of treatments in managing the organic waste including landfill and incineration, biological organic decaying processes is considered as more suitable solution method (M. Rawat et al, 2013). Composting is an alternative solid waste management system (SWM), to control the increase of waste. This project has been done to develop bio organic pot from waste as a media for plant at germination stage. Generally, this project was carried out in the nursery, Politeknik Jeli, Kelantan. Bio organic pots have 10 samples for each different media (animal bedding, kitchen waste and banana stem), parameters measured in this project are crop height, leaf width and number of crop leaves at germination stage. Overall, the results show that the plant using media of kitchen waste has recorded the best result which is 0.33 cm growth rate in two weeks compared to other media and the lowest recorded from media of animal bedding which is 0.28 cm growth rate. This shows that kitchen waste has better nutrient for plant growth. In conclusion, compost nowadays is an indispensable material for increasing the sustainability of agriculture and promoting the restoration of disturbed soils, through the improvement of soil biological properties.