Development of a Handheld Mobile Augmented Reality Application ARC-3DM: A Prototype Tool to Determine 3D Modelling Competency
The Augmented Reality Courseware for 3D Modelling or better known as ARC-3DM was a prototype handheld application that utilized the mobile-augmented reality (MAR) technology and marker-based augmented reality (AR) technology integrated with multimedia and 3D elements. The AR system in ARC-3DM can be accessed using buttons by using haptic touchscreen technology. The ARC-3DM was designed and developed based on ADDIE instructions. The greatest contribution of ARC-3DM which utilized the marker-based AR technology was its capability to determine the users’ 3D modelling competency as well as an aid for the task of 3D modelling. The progress of 3D modelling was pre-evaluated in each step of marker to determine the 3D modelling competency based on certain parameter before it can proceed to next marker until completion. With the integration of multimedia and 3D elements, learning experience could be optimized by reducing cognitive load and as well as improving the spatial visualization skill. The digitization of ARC-3DM allows the utilization of data without suffering from the real consequences of human errors. Moreover, the authentication process can be done by entering a password to prevent outsiders from accessing the application. This application has been tested for its functionality by students from Community College undertaking 3D animation course in Malaysia by measuring the significant values of correlation and regression using the straight line formula y = mx + c. However, for future improvement and planning, other parameters or features can be added into ARC-3DM such as an action history that can display the actions done by user such as mistakes so that the user can improve and develop more on the knowledge in order to heighten the skills.