Awareness of Personal Protective Equipment Compliance in Shipyard Industry
This research is conducted to assist management to improve of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) compliance among shipyard workers by emphasizing on contributing factors that influence PPE compliance among shipyard workers. The purpose of this research is to investigate the factors on awareness of PPE compliance among workers in shipyard industry in order to suggest the improvements on shipyard workers’ PPE compliance to prevent future occupational accidents. Quantitative online survey questionnaire was conducted among 61 workers in Pasir Gudang shipyard by simple random sampling. The instruments of questionnaire were adapted and adopted from existing questionnaire from previous literatures. A pilot test was conducted to measure the reliability of the questionnaire for all contributing factors by assessing Cronbach’s Alpha acceptable value and questionnaire’s validity is assessed by experts. Then, the questionnaire was disseminated via online survey to all respondents to assess their awareness on the PPE compliance in shipyard. The data collection from the respondents was collected and analyzed using IBM Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 26 and Microsoft Excel version 16. The results shown high awareness of PPE compliance among shipyards workers in Pasir Gudang influenced by attitudes and beliefs, demographic characteristics, supervision and training. Training, supervision and attitude and belief are the strong positive significant factors on awareness on PPE compliance. Management team can improve PPE compliance among workers by improving PPE attributes and establishing reward systems as well as implementation of continuous training dan supervision to influence safety attitude among shipyard workers.