Assessing Preschool Teachers’ Challenges and Needs for Creativity in STEM Education

  • Muhammad Syawal Amran Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Kamariah Abu Bakar Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Shahlan Surat Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Siti Nur Diyana Mahmud Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Amirul Anwar Bin Mohd Shafie Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia


Abstract: Creativity in teaching is important in order to ensure children are engaged in learning Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). However, previous research has claimed creativity in learning STEM for children is not adequately supported by teacher in classroom due to the lack of preparation, content knowledge and skills. This study aims to assess the needs and challenges of promoting creativity in STEM education. In this study, preschool teachers (n= 22) were interviewed as they are the key informants who are involved in STEM education. The semi-structured interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis and were qualitatively coded. Results illustrate that there are several distinctive themes identified as described by the participants when discussing the needs and challenges of implementing integrated creativity skill in STEM education as well as the support that would be most helpful in overcoming them. The results highlighted a huge gap between creativity knowledge and the implementation of creativity in STEM education. Participants also provided specific support needed to integrate creativity in STEM education. Preliminary findings suggest that many teachers are interested in integrating creativity skills in STEM education. This research sheds light on the needs and challenges for professional pre-school teachers by providing them pedagogical module as well as professional training to promote creativity in teaching STEM


Keywords: Creativity Skills, Needs and Challenges, STEM

How to Cite
AMRAN, Muhammad Syawal et al. Assessing Preschool Teachers’ Challenges and Needs for Creativity in STEM Education. Asian Journal of University Education, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 3, p. 99-108, aug. 2021. ISSN 2600-9749. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 may 2024. doi: