Liability Framework for Cognitive Computing in Healthcare: Standing at the Crossroad

Standing at the Crossroad

  • Hartini Saripan Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Nurus Sakinatul Fikriah Mohd Shith Putera Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Sarah Munirah Abdullah Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Rafizah Abu Hassan Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Zuhairah Ariff Abd Ghadas Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin


Abstract: Digitization across the healthcare industry has witnessed the advent of emerging Cognitive Computing (CC) healthcare technologies that improve diagnostic accuracy and efficiency, predict illnesses, automate routine healthcare tasks, and refine processes and care beyond human capabilities. Increased adoption of this technology can be attributed to its ability of processing enormous amounts of data promptly in addressing specific queries and producing customized intelligent recommendations. While CC’s transformative technologies offer profound benefits to the healthcare industry, it also carries an unpredictable burden of risk and mistakes with damaging consequences to patients. At this juncture, CC’s legal place in healthcare is largely undefined as the applicable liability framework is ambiguous. CC fits into the traditional liability rules in a piecemeal manner; however a single theory of recovery sufficiently addressing the potential liability questions arising from a computer system capable of practicing medicine and possessing the ability of parsing through enormous data for better patient outcomes is absent. The present research therefore sets out to chart the analysis of cases involving emerging medical technologies comparable to CC, in hope of examining ways in which the traditional theories of liability is projected to develop in adapting to this novel contrivance. A doctrinal and case study methods formed an integrated qualitative approach adopted by this research in opting the deployment of emerging medical technologies akin to CC and the bearing it has on the imposition of liability in the United States. CC’s potential contributions to healthcare are revolutionary, however its legal repercussions are just as alarming and therefore demands for more discussion in addressing the concerns.                  


Keywords: Cognitive computing and law, Cognitive computing and legal liability

How to Cite
SARIPAN, Hartini et al. Liability Framework for Cognitive Computing in Healthcare: Standing at the Crossroad. Asian Journal of University Education, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, p. 183-190, june 2021. ISSN 2600-9749. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 28 may 2022. doi: