A Scoping Review on Implementation of I-Think Maps and Its Effects on Higher Order Thinking Skills in Malaysian Schools

  • Lina Mursyidah Hamzah
  • Wan Mazwati Wan Yusoff International Islamic University Malaysia

Abstract

Abstract: Malaysian schools have been implementing i-Think program as a means to develop higher order thinking skills among primary and secondary school students since 2013. Thus, there is a need to assess the implementation of the i-Think program since it was made compulsory almost seven years ago. This paper reports a scoping review of research activities conducted on the implementation of the i-Think program in Malaysian schools to synthesize studies on the implementation of the i-Think program in the classrooms; teachers' and students’ acceptance of the program; examine its impact on HOTS and students’ achievement; and to identify and disseminate the gaps in the works of literature. Forty articles were reviewed and the results indicated that the data on how i-Think programs were implemented in classrooms were so small that no definite conclusions could be made. Results on both students' and teachers’ levels of knowledge on i-Think maps were mixed. Majority of studies showed that i-Think maps significantly enhanced students’ achievement. However, no study measured the impact of i-Think on HOTS despite researchers' claim that i-Think maps had stimulated students’ HOTS. Thus, future studies should focus on showing correlation between i-Think and HOTS by using a validated measurement scale to assess students’ HOTS, development of valid and reliable measurement scale to gather a large pool of data to illustrate more comprehensively the status of i-Think implementation in schools throughout Malaysia, support systems provided to teachers at school and district level, and identifying barriers that hinders teachers from implementing i-Think program.


Keywords: HOTS, i-Think Maps, Malaysian schools, Scoping review.

Published
2021-06-06
How to Cite
HAMZAH, Lina Mursyidah; WAN YUSOFF, Wan Mazwati. A Scoping Review on Implementation of I-Think Maps and Its Effects on Higher Order Thinking Skills in Malaysian Schools. Asian Journal of University Education, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, p. 169-182, june 2021. ISSN 2600-9749. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/AJUE/article/view/13386>. Date accessed: 09 dec. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/ajue.v17i2.13386.