A Conceptual Framework for Understanding the Potential Economic Impact of Halal Food Testing in Halal Supply Chain
A globalized food trade, extensive production and complex supply chains are contributing toward an increased number of non-Halal substance in food cases. Halal laboratory testing or Halal testing is an approach to identify contaminants and ensure the integrity of raw materials and food products. The adoption of an integrative approach of Halal management system and Halal testing was investigated to identify and discuss several related economic issues in this field. From an extensive analysis of academic literatures using ‘Halal Food Fraud’, ‘Halal Food Testing’ and ‘Halal Food’ specifically at food manufacturer, the issues involving economic impact of Halal testing was highlighted. Several Halal Testing Points were proposed for the evaluation of Halal ingredients and products, followed by a conceptual framework on the potential economic impact of Halal food testing. The high demand for transparency in the food industry among consumers has therefore may need food manufacturers to consider Halal food testing as part of their production process.