NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AMONG ELDERLY FELDA RESIDENCES IN BATANG PADANG, PERAK
INTRODUCTION & OBJECTIVE
The main purpose of the study is to describe the prevalence of NCD among elderly community in Batang Padang. Malaysia will be an elderly country by 2030. The prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCDs) in Malaysia shows an escalating trend that effects the populations in numerous aspects. Seventy-three percent of total death in Malaysia were due to non-communicable disease. The increasing ageing population and obesity epidemic are the established factors.
This is a cross-sectional study. All households with selected FELDA Living Quarters (LQs) included in the survey. All individuals aged 60 years and above within the selected households included in the survey.
Thirty-nine percent and 52% of elderly in Batang Padang's FELDA settlement were noted to have diabetes and hypertension respectively. Thirty-seven percent of them were also noted with hypercholesterolaemia, while 13.1% of them were smoking. Although more than 95% received treatment from government clinics, almost 50% of them were also practicing herbal medication.
This result suggests that the prevalence of NCDs among elderly community may further increase demand for health care, especially in the areas with a higher proportion of older age groups in Malaysia.