SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF PRIMARY HEALTHCARE FOR ORANG ASLI IN BATANG PADANG DISTRICT
Primary healthcare accessibility is an important aspect of ensuring the population received essential healthcare services. Batang Padang has a huge number Orang Asli population and provided primary healthcare services either through static clinic or mobile clinic.
This cross-sectional study using geographical information systems aims to determine spatial distribution of primary healthcare services for Orang Asli population in Batang Padang district.
Secondary data were retrieved from Batang Padang District Health Office, Department of Batang Padang Orang Asli Development (JAKOA) and Perak GIS. Coordinate of all Orang Asli village and primary healthcare service were determined from the data compared between the three agencies. Geographical Information System (GIS) analysis using ArcGIS software were used to determine the spatial distribution while network analysis was used to determine distance from Orang Asli village to primary healthcare.
Spatial distribution showed that most of Orang Asli village located at the north east of the district while primary healthcare located mostly on the east of the district. There are 27 static clinics and 21 locations of Orang Asli village where primary healthcare services been provided. Total health personnels full time equivalent (FTE) median is 2.0 (IQR: 2.75) with community nurse has the highest FTE median of 1.0 (IQR: 1.9).
Geographical Information Systems is a good method to determine spatial distribution of primary healthcare among Orang Asli population. Proper planning of primary healthcare is needed to shorten the distance between primary healthcare with Orang Asli village.