ORAL HEALTH STATUS AMONG ELDERLY IN FELDA COMMUNITIES, BATANG PADANG DISTRICT, AUGUST 2018
Oral health problems are rarely life threatening but it may impact the quality of life because it contributes to social, economic and psychological consequences. The world population including Malaysia is ageing rapidly, and oral health problems such as edentulism and denture are common among elderly.
The objective of this study was to determine the oral health problems among elderly in rural areas.
A cross sectional survey was carried out using the same questionnaire from National Health and Morbidity Survey 2018. A total of 444 respondents aged 60 and above from two FELDA areas in Perak state was interviewed face-by-face.
A total of 51.3% of the respondents were female and 8.9% had at least secondary education. The oral health quality was measured using Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI), both Malay and English versions. It was found that 19.2% of the participants showed Good Oral Health-related Quality of life, 27.4% fair and 53.4% poor. The mean GOHAI score was 48.2. The prevalence of self-reported healthy general and oral health was 86.5% and 80.4% respectively. Only 22.8% of the respondents perceived that they need dental treatment while merely 7.5% of them utilized oral health care service in the past three months.
These findings are essential for developing interventional programs in future for the needs of our ageing population.