Software Systems in Implementation of Process Safety at Chemical Process Industry
Software systems have been used in chemical industry process safety operation and design to improve its efficiency. This paper provides a brief review and analysis of the state of the art and impacts of software systems in process safety. A study was carried out by interviewing personnel in charge of process safety practices in the Malaysian chemical process industry and digging into literature of technology for process safety. This article explores the functional and operational characteristics of software systems for safety and attempts to categorize the software according to its level of impact in the management hierarchy. The study contributes to better understanding of the roles of Information Communication Technology in process safety, the future trends and possible gaps for research and development.
Keywords: process safety; software systems; computer-aided plant safety; process safety management system.
Aziz, H. A., Shariff, A. M., Rusli, R., & Hooi, Y. K. (2014). Managing process chemicals, technology and equipment information for pilot plant based on Process Safety Management standard. Process Safety and Environment Protection, 92(5), 423-429. doi:DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2014.02.011
Bhushan, C. Z. M., & Venkatasubramaniam, V. (2003). Roles of ontology in automated process safety analysis. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 14, 341-346.
Bingham, K. (2008). Process Safety Management - The Elements of PSM. Process West, June 2008(51).
Bradshaw, B. (2012). Process Safety Management. Retrieved from http://web.ornl.gov/sci/aiche/presentations/ProcessSafetyManagement-BillBradshaw-March2012.pdf
C. Palmer, P. W. Ã. (2008). A computer tool for batch hazard and operability studies. J. Loss Prev. Process Ind., 21, 537-542.
Chung, P. (2003). Computer-aided Hazard Identification. FG2 Seminar. Retrieved from www.epsc.org/data/files/PRISM/Computer-aided_HAZOP.ppt
Clemons, E. K., Reddi, S. P., & Row, M. C. (1993). The impact of information technology on the organization of economic activity: the "Move to the middle" hypothesis. J. Manage. Inf. Syst., 10(2), 9-35.
Crowl, D. A., & Louvar, J. F. (2002). Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications (2 ed.): Pearson Education International.
Cunio, C., & Melhem, G. (2013). A Guide to the Legal Framework of the PSM Standard for Engineers. Paper presented at the 9th Global Congress on Process Safety, San Antonio, Texas.
Early, W. F. (2006). Database management systems for process safety. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 130(1-2), 53-57. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.07.039
Elliott, M. S. (1994). Computer-Assisted Fault-Tree Construction Using A Knowledge-Based Approach. IEEE Transaction on Reliability, 43, 112-120. doi:10.1109/24.285124
Gabbar, H. A., & Suzuki, K. (2004). The Design of a Practical Enterprise Safety Management System: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Ghawi, R. (2010). Ontology-based Cooperation of Information Systems. Universite De Bourgogne, Univ of Burgundy. Retrieved from http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/55/90/89/PDF/these_A_GHAWI_Raji_2010.pdf
Hahn, J., Guillen, D. P., & Anderson, T. (2005). Process Control Systems in the Chemical Industry: Safety vs. Security. Paper presented at the 20th Annual CCPS International Conference.
Hangos, K. M., Nemeth, E., & Lakner, R. (2008). A Procedure Ontology for Advanced Diagnosis of Process Systems. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 12th international conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, Part I, Zagreb, Croatia. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-540-85563-7_64
Karvonen, I., Suokas, J., & Heino, P. (1987). HAZOPEX - expert system supporting the safety analysi. Paper presented at the SRE-symposium Helsingör, Denmark.
Kaszniak, M. (2010). Oversights and Omissions in Process Hazard Analysis: Lessons Learned from CSB Investigations. Process Safety Progress, 29(3), 264–269.
Klopper, R., Lubbe, S., & Rugbeer, H. (2007). The Matrix Method of Literature Review. Alternation, 14(1), 262-276.
Knegtering, B., & Pasman, H. J. (2009). Safety of the Process Industries in the 21st Century: A Changing Need of Process Safety Management for a Changing Industry. Journal of Loss Prevention in Process Industry, 22(2009), 162-168.
Kuusisto, A. (2000). Safety Management Systems - Audit Tools and Reliabilities. Technical Research Centre of Findland, Technical Research Centre of Finland.
Lau, K. H., & Huang, H. (2012). A Survey-Based Study on ICT Adoption in the Third-Party Logistics Industry. International Journal of Information Systems and Supply Chain Management, 5(4), 65-85.
Lin Cui, Zhao, J., & Zhang, R. (2010). The Integration of HAZOP Expert System and Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 88(2010), 327-334.
Linarez-Royce, N. (2006). Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) Description. (CPR400.1.2), Sandia Corporation (Sandia).
Louvar, J. F. (2008). Improving the effectiveness of process safety management in small companies. Process Safety Progress, 27(4), 280-283. doi:10.1002/prs.10267
Louvar, J. F. (2011). How to Prevent Process Accidents. Process Safety Progress, 30(2), 188-190.
Marquardt, W., Morbach, J., Wiesner, A., & Yang, A. (2010). OntoCAPE: A Re-Usable Ontology for Chemical Process Engineering: Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated.
Mason, E. (2001). Elements of process safety management: Part 1. Chemical Health & Safety, July/August 2001.
Misander, P. (2000). A Document-oriented Model of the Workflow in an Engineering Project. EU-Project CAPE.NET, TWG 4: Concurrent Process Engineering. Retrieved from htp://capenet.chemeng.ucl.ac.uk
Mitra, S., & Chaya, A. K. (1996). Analyzing cost-effectiveness of organizations: the impact of information technology spending. J. Manage. Inf. Syst., 13(2), 29-57.
Naka, Y., Hirao, M., Shimizu, Y., Muraki, M., & Kondo, Y. (2000). Technological information infrastructure for product lifecycle engineering. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 24.(2), 665-670.
Naka, Y., Hoshino, S., Kawamura, K., & Seki, H. (2007). Information Model And Technological Information-Infrastructure For Plant Life Cycle Engineering. Paper presented at the ICheaP-8 The eight International Conference on Chemical & Process Engineering.
Perkins, J., & Walsh, S. (1996). Optimization as a tool for design control integration. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 20(4), 315-323.
Perrow, C. (1984). Normal Accidents: Living with High Risk Technologies. New York: : Basic Books.
Ponton, J. (1995). Process Systems Engineering: Halfway through the First Century. Chemical Engineering Science, 50(24), 4045-4059.
Posey, R. (2018). The Benefits of Software-Based Asset Inspections for Efficient Plant Operations. Retrieved from https://fas-mobile.com/blog/2018/07/17/software-based-asset-inspections/
Rahman, S., Khan, F., Veitch, B., & Amyotte, P. (2009). ExpHAZOP: Knowledge-based Expert System to Conduct Automated HAZOP Analysis. Journal of Loss Prevention in Process Industry, 22(4), 361-554.
Safety/AIChE, C. f. C. P. (2011). Guidelines for Auding Process Safety Management Systems, 2nd Edition., 39-61.
Sánchez, Á. G., & Ortega-Mier, M. (2013). Discrete-Event Simulation Models for Assessing Incidents in Railway Systems. International Journal of Information Systems and Supply Chain Management, 4(2), 1-14.
Schneider, R., & Marquardt, W. (2002). Information Technology Support in the Chemical Process Design Life Cycle. Chemical Engineering Science, 57, 1763-1792.
Schuldt, B. A. (2005). Concept Matrix Approach to Teaching Management Information Systems. The Journal of Learning in Higher Education, 1(1), 11-16.
Shariff, A. M., Aziz, H. A., Roslan, M. R., & Hooi, Y. K. (2011). Protecting live and business through best Process Safety Management practices. Paper presented at the Proceedings of Asia Pacific HSE Forum in Oil & Gas & Petrochemicals, Fleming Gulf Conferences., Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.
Siurdyban, A., & Møller, C. (2012). Towards Intelligent Supply Chains: A Unified Framework for Business Process Design. International Journal of Information Systems and Supply Chain Management, 5(1), 1-19.
Sutton, I. S. (2010). Process Risk and Reliability Management - Operational Integrity Management. Process Safety Progress, 29(3), 273-274. doi:DOI: 10.1002/prs.10396
U. Hauptmanns, M. M., T. Knetsch. (1998). Computer-aided valuation of safety management. Trans IChemE, 76(4), 286-290. doi:10.1205/095758298529641
Uschold, M., King, M., House, S. B. R., Moralee, S., & Zorgios, Y. (1995). The Enterprise Ontology. The Knowledge Engineering Review, 13, 31-89.
Vaughan, R., & Kelly, B. (1998). CCPS Process Safety Incident Database (PSID). Paper presented at the Reliablity and risk management International conference, Reliablity and risk management.
Wee, M. K. K., & Jabar, B. (2008). Strengthening Process Safety Requirements in HSE Management System - an NOC's Experience. Paper presented at the 2008 Spring Meeting & 4th Global Congress on Process Safety, New Orleans, LA.
Yahia, E., Aubry, A., & Panetto, H. (2012). Formal measures for semantic interoperability assessment in cooperative enterprise information systems. Comput. Ind., 63(5), 443-457. doi:10.1016/j.compind.2012.01.010
Zhao, C. H. V. V. (2005). Learning in Intelligent Systems for Process Safety Analysis. Paper presented at the European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering -15, 38th European Symposium of the Working Party on Computer Aided Process Engineering.
Zhou, Q., Wiebe, A. J., & Chan, C. W. (2011). Knowledge Engineering in the domain of Carbon Dioxide Capture Process System. Paper presented at the SEKE, Miami Beach, USA. http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/conf/seke/seke2011.html#ZhouWC11