• Nur Izzati Izwani Yusri Geoscience Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
  • Askury Abd Kadir Geoscience Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS


Various chemical analyses such as Total Organic Carbon (TOC), Source Rock Analysis (SRA), Vitrinite Reectance (VR) and X-Ray Diraction (XRD) have been performed to study the properties of carbonaceous shale and its hydrocarbon potential at Kampung Ibok, Cukai, Terengganu. The TOC content of carbonaceous shale in Chukai area is ranging from 1.24% to 15.3% and increases towards southern part. This may indicate that the southern part might be the deepest part of shallow marine environment. The SRA conrms that the carbonaceous shale in the study area has poor capability in generating any hydrocarbon. However, the results from VR suggested that the shale could have the possibility in producing shale gas.

Keywords: carbonaceous shale, shallow marine environment, hydrocarbon potential, shale gas


[1] K.Y. Foo, The Paleozoic Sedimentary Rocks of Peninsular Malaysia-Stratigraphy and Correlation. Paper presented at the Workshop on stratigraphic correlation of Thailand and Malaysia. Geological Survey Department of Malaysia (2008). Geological Map of Peninsular Malaysia, 1983, pp. 1:1000000.
[2] F. Chand, (1978). Geology and Mineral Resources of the Ulu Paka Area. Kuala Lumpur: Terengganu Geological Survey of Malaysia.
[3] C.P. Lee, M.S. Leman, K. Hassan, B.M. Nasib & R. Karim, Stratigraphic Lexicon of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur: Geological Society of Malaysia, pp. 23, 2004.
[4] Idris, M.B. & Zaki, S.M., 1986. A carboniferous shallow marine fauna from Bukit Bucu, Batu Rakit, Terengganu. Newsletter of the Geol. Soc. of Malaysia 12(6): 215-219
[5] Abdullah, I. (2004). On the presence of preCarboniferous metasediments in the Eastern Belt: A structural view. Paper presented at the Annual Geological Conference, Perlis, Malaysia.
[6] Goh, L.S. (1973). Geology, mineralization and geochemical studies of the ChenerongBuloh Nipis area, Terengganu. Unpubl. B.Sc. (Hons.) thesis, Univ. of Malaya, 105 p.
[7] I. Abdullah, ‘On the Presence of the PreCarboniferous Meta-Sediment in The Eastern Belt: A Structural View’, Bulletin of the Geology Society of Malaysia (49), pp. 79-84, 2006.
[8] Jackson, J.A. (1997). Glossary of Geology, 4th Ed. American Geological Institute
[9] H.A Tourtelot, ‘Black Shale – Its Deposition and Diagenesis’, Clay and Clay Mineral , vol. 27, no 5, pp.313-321, 1979.
[10] K.E. Peters , & M.R. Cassa, (1994) Applied Source Rock Geochemistry, AAPG,60, 93- 117. [11] Pearson, D. L. (1984). Pollen/spore color “standard”. Phillips Petroleum Company Geological Branch.
[12] Fisher, M. J. (1980). Kerogen distribution and depositional environments in the Middle Jurassic of Yorkshire U.K. IN C., B. D., SINGH, H. P. & TIWARI, R. S. (Eds.) 4th International Palynological Conference, Lucknow 1976-1977.
[13] Staplin, F. L. (1969). Sedimentary organic matter, organic metamorphism, and oil and gas occurrence. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, 17, 47-66.
[14] D. Jarvie,, Geochemical Characteristics of the Devonian Woodford Shale: World- wide Geochemistry, 2008 accessed on 2 April 2012, pdf/GSJarvieS.pdf.
[15] D.W. Waples,, and M.H. Tobey, ‘Like Space and Time, Transformation Ratio is Curved’, AAPG Annual Convention & Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, May 31-June 3, 2015, online accessed on March 2017
How to Cite
YUSRI, Nur Izzati Izwani; ABD KADIR, Askury. GENERAL GEOLOGY AND HYDROCARBON POTENTIAL OF CARBONACEOUS SHALE IN KAMPUNG IBOK, CHUKAI, TERENGGANU. Platform : A Journal of Engineering, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 15-31, oct. 2018. ISSN 2636-9877. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 19 dec. 2018.