Microbial-Induced Calcite Precipitation: A Milestone Towards Soil Improvement

  • ABDULAZIZ ALIYU DARDAU Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • MUSKHAZLI MUSTAFA Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • NOR AZWADY ABD AZIZ Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

Abstract

Microbial-induced calcite precipitation (MICP) is a natural process that offered various applications in the engineering field materials and construction industry. It has recently emerged as an innovative, eco-friendly, and economically engineered process. One of the successful MICP methods of improving the engineering properties of soils is ureolysis. The ureolysis drove the process of precipitate calcite which binds soil particles within the soil matrix thus enhance soil characteristics such as stiffness, permeability, hydraulic conductivity, shear strength, and compressive strength. This paper aimed at reviewing the concept of utilizing calcium carbonate (CaCO3) precipitation by ureolytic bacteria towards the improvement
of soil and sand engineering properties for various geotechnical applications. The potential applications of this technology in soil erosion, stability, and reinforcement were discussed. Detail overviews of the temperature, pH, bacteria cell concentration, nutrients, types of bacteria, and concentration of reactants that affect the efficiency of the process are also reviewed. This review demonstrated the potential of the MICP technology from the laboratory to a field-scale or commercial
applications.

Published
2021-04-06
How to Cite
DARDAU, ABDULAZIZ ALIYU; MUSTAFA, MUSKHAZLI; ABD AZIZ, NOR AZWADY. Microbial-Induced Calcite Precipitation: A Milestone Towards Soil Improvement. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal, [S.l.], v. 50, n. 1, apr. 2021. ISSN 2462-151X. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/mabjournal/article/view/13050>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2021.