Solid Substrate Fermentation of Sago Waste and Its Evaluation as Feed Ingredient for Red Hybrid Tilapia

  • NURAFIDAH LANI Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • AHMAD HUSAINI Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • NGUI SING NGIENG Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • KUI SOON LEE Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • KHAIRUL ADHA A. RAHIM Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • HAIRUL AZMAN ROSLAN Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • YUZINE ESA Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

Abstract

The increasing demand for fishmeal in aquaculture industry causes the rising cost of feed yearly. Here, we reported on the solid-state fermentation of sago waste inoculated with mixed microbial cultures, optimization of its fermentation parameters to improve the nutrient contents, and the use of the fermented sago waste as an ingredient in the formulation of fish feed diet. The use of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Aspergillus niger, and Neurospora crassa as inoculums gave the best, improved physiochemical properties and nutrient content of the fermented sago waste. The optimum conditions were 5 days, 28°C, pH 3, and sodium nitrate as a nitrogen source. Under the optimized conditions, moisture content, crude protein, and ash increases by 11.8%, 1.3%, and 5.1%; whereas dry matter and crude fiber decreases by 11.8% and 6.1%; respectively. The fermented sago waste prepared was further used as ingredient in the formulation of the fish feed diet and fed to red hybrid tilapia. Fish feed that contained up to 150 g kg-1 of fermented sago waste had a similar growth rate. Growth performance, specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio, and survival rate of tilapia fed were not of significant difference compared to control diet. The supplementation of the diets for 60 days resulted in 1.50 ± 0.48 g fish-1 mean body weight gain with a specific growth rate of 0.68 ± 0.17% day-1, feed conversion ratio of 2.33 ± 0.84, and survival rate of 80%. This concludes that fermented sago waste has the potential as a partial substitute for fishmeal.

Published
2021-04-04
How to Cite
LANI, NURAFIDAH et al. Solid Substrate Fermentation of Sago Waste and Its Evaluation as Feed Ingredient for Red Hybrid Tilapia. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal, [S.l.], v. 50, n. 1, apr. 2021. ISSN 2462-151X. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/mabjournal/article/view/13032>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2021.