Antimicrobial Activity of Propolis from Trigona thoracica Towards Cariogenic Bacteria

  • TUAN NADRAH NAIM TUAN ISMAIL School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian,16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
  • NICHOLAS CHOO WEE SIM School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian,16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
  • NOORAZLIYANA SHAFII Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian,16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
  • NUR KARYATEE KASSIM School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian,16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
  • WAN NAZATUL SHIMA SHAHIDAN School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian,16150 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
  • HANIM AFZAN IBRAHIM School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus,Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan

Abstract

Introduction: Propolis is an important bee product which consists of resinous mixture produce by the honeybees from various plant sources. Propolis produced by stingless bee (Trigona thoracica), commonly known as 'Kelulut' in Malaysia, is also known to have medicinal values. The Trigona thoracica bees are widely distributed throughout Malaysia. The properties of propolis from Trigona thoracica have been investigated in vitro and in vivo. It is renowned to have various biological activities as the antimicrobial, antiproliferative, antiinflammatory and anticancer. Currently, there is limited scientific studies that show antimicrobial activities of propolis against the oral pathogens. Thus, this study is carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial activities of ethanol extracts of propolis (EEP) from Trigona thoracica against cariogenic bacteria (S.mutans & S.sobrinus). Methods: This study is performed using the agar well diffusion assay to screen the antimicrobial activity of EEP from Trigona thoracica expressed as mean of inhibition diameter and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of EEP will be determined by the broth microdilution method. Results: The mean of inhibition diameter and MIC between EEP and standard antibiotic (metronidazole) against S.mutans and S.sobrinus is not statistically different. Conclusion: In conclusion, EEP from Trigona thoracica has antimicrobial properties against cariogenic bacteria.

Published
2021-03-23
How to Cite
TUAN ISMAIL, TUAN NADRAH NAIM et al. Antimicrobial Activity of Propolis from Trigona thoracica Towards Cariogenic Bacteria. Malaysian Applied Biology Journal, [S.l.], v. 50, n. 1, mar. 2021. ISSN 2462-151X. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/mabjournal/article/view/11527>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2021.