The TIMSS Grade 8 Student’s Science Achievement: A Comparative Study Between Malaysia, Singapore, and Japan
When measuring the quality of education of a nation it is necessary to consider the global standard and preference. Owing to this reason Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is an international body that regularly carries out an international comparative study to measure the participating countries’ achievement in mathematics and science for 8th-grade students in an effort to evaluate International Educational Achievement. Malaysia, Singapore, and Japan joined the program in an attempt to drive the benefits of the assessment and know the level of quality of their mathematics and science education referenced to global standards and perspectives. This study employed the use of secondary data obtained from the official website and database of TIMSS 2015. After analyzing the data Singapore and Japan were spotted as the top two Asian countries that outperformed in science 8th grade of TIMSS 2015, while Malaysia was reported as 25th on the list standing below-average scores compared to the other two countries toping as 1st and 2nd positions. Some of the possible reasons are that; while Singaporean student and school administrator resilient and persistent having a curriculum that emphasizes spirit and scientific inquiry and Japanese parental education and early educational goals for student interest in science contribute are seen as one factor that helps them have a higher ranking in TIMSS. It was concluded that Malaysian students also have the potentials of getting to the top position if they emphasize on the critical curriculum components of both Singapore and Japan and how it was implemented.