Problem-Based Learning (PBL) as an Assessment Tool in Science Education: A Systematic Review with Exemplars
Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is one of the constructivist teaching and learning strategies that become very popular and used to promote active learning among students in various fields of education. During the implementation of the PBL approach, it could be used as an assessment tool to evaluate students’ developments as well as the social skills that need to be pursued by them. The quantitative method is the most method used in assessing the implementation of PBL in the primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education. From the studies, it is shown that PBL gives a positive impact on the students’ development regarding their motivation, attitude, interest, perception and overall achievement. In addition, the implementation of PBL strategies can be associated with other supporting materials, so that it can assist the teachers to be bold enough to handle the PBL activities in the classroom hence to deliver the knowledge smoothly and in a more meaningful way.