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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is 1.5-spaced; uses a TNR 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript preparation

JLC accepts submission of mainly two types of manuscripts. Each manuscript is classified as either regular or review articles. Articles must be in English, and they must be competently written and argued in clear and concise grammatical English. Acceptable English usage and syntax are expected. Do not use slang, jargon, or obscure abbreviations or phrasing. Metric measurement is preferred; equivalent English measurement may be included in parentheses. Always provide the complete form of an acronym/abbreviation the first time it is presented in the text. Contributors are strongly recommended to have the manuscript checked by an experienced English language editor.

1. Regular articles

Definition: Full-length empirical investigation, consisting of introduction or background, objectives or research questions, methods, results and discussion, and conclusion.

Length: Between 4000 to 5500 words (excluding the abstract, keywords, references, tables and figures).

2. Review articles

Definition: Critical review and evaluation of current research studies that have already been published based on an identified topic. Review articles should aim to provide systemic overview, evaluation and interpretation of research in a given field.

Length: Between 4000 to 5500 words (excluding the abstract, references, tables and figures).

Special Issue

Proposals for a themed journal as a special issue are welcome. Usually a special themed journal comprises papers based on research studies presented at a conference, seminar, congress or a symposium.


The paper should be formatted in one column with 4 cm margins on all sides and 1.5 line spacing for the text proper. Tables and references can be single-spaced. Authors are advised to use Times New Roman 12-point font. Be especially careful when special characters are used, as those inserted in different fonts may be replaced by different characters when converted to PDF files.

A maximum of eight keywords should be indicated below the abstract in alphabetical order to indicate the content of the manuscript. Leave a blank line between each paragraph and between each entry in the list of bibliographic references. Tables should preferably be placed close to the mention in the text. Authors should consult a recent issue of the JLC for page and table layout.

Every page of the manuscript, including the title page and references should be numbered. However, no reference should be made to page numbers in the text; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Do not underline any words.

We recommend that authors prepare the text as a MS Word file.


1. Manuscripts

In general, manuscripts should be organised in the following order:

Page 1Running title (Not to exceed 60 characters, counting letters and spaces). The running title is an abbreviated title used as the running head on every page of the manuscript.

The subject area most relevant to the study is to be indicated on this page.

In addition, names, institutions and e-mail addresses of four reviewers in the related field outside the author’s institution are to be suggested by the corresponding author on this page.

Page 2Author information. This page should contain the full title of your paper with full name(s) of all the authors, institutions, full postal addresses, telephone numbers (including extension), handphone numbers, and e-mail addresses for editorial correspondence.

The correct order of author names and the corresponding author are to be indicated on this page.

Page 3: This page should repeat the full title of your paper with only the abstract and 4-8 keywords. The abstract should be below 250 words.

Page 4 and subsequent pages: This page should begin with the Introduction of your article, and the rest of your paper is to follow.


2. Abbreviations

Words or phrases that are abbreviated should be written out in full at the first mention, with each abbreviated form in parenthesis.


3. Tables

All tables should be prepared according to APA styles, and should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Explanatory materials should be given in the table legends. Each table should be prepared on a separate page. Tables must be submitted as .doc, .rtf, Excel or PowerPoint file because tables submitted as image data cannot be edited for publication.


4. Equations and Formulae

These must be set up clearly and should be typed triple spaced. Numbers identifying equations should be in square brackets and placed on the right margin of the text.


5. Figures and Photographs

Submit an original figure or photograph. Line drawings must be clear, with high black and white contrast. Each figure or photograph should be prepared on a separate sheet and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Numbers, letters and symbols should have an appropriate size, and no smaller than 2 mm after the reduction to a single-column width (85 mm), 1.5-column width (120 mm) or full 2-column width (175 mm). Failure to comply with these specifications will require new figures, and will cause delay in publication. Create figures by using applications that are capable of preparing high resolution TIFF files. In general, we require 300 dpi or higher resolution for coloured and half-tone artwork, and 1200 dpi or higher for line drawings. Illustrations may be produced at extra cost in colour at the discretion of the Publisher; the author could be charged a fee for each coloured page.



Manuscripts should follow the style of the latest version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). The journal uses British spelling, and authors may follow the latest edition of the Oxford Dictionary for British spelling.