Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Order: Islamic Views

  • Mohammad Mustaqim Malek Master Student
  • Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman Assoc. Prof.
  • Mohd Shahnaz Hasan Lecturer


Performing Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) order by means of withholding resuscitation procedures such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), intubation, defibrillation, mechanical ventilation, and cardiac drugs in end-of-life care is a process of accepting natural death to take its own course. The DNR order is proposed by medical team in cases of medical futility and when death is inevitable. There are many controversial ethical challenges that arise in the management of the death and dying. One of the issues is concerning the religious and cultural background of the patient. All patients irrespective of their religious beliefs should be treated with human dignity and respect. In Islam, Muslims believe that life is sacred and must be preserved and protected. Development of modern medicine and technology enables the prolonging of one’s life which resulted in prolonged misery and suffering of the dying patient who is terminally ill with incurable disease. In this instance, the DNR order will usually be initiated by a physician. However, end-of-life issues and DNR still leave moral and ethical dilemma to physicians and next of kin. It is vital to understand the issues arising from DNR and from the Islamic perspective. There is also a dire need for recommendations from the guiding principles of Islamic jurisprudence such as the Quran, the tradition of Prophet Muhammad, and juridical opinions from past and current Muslim scholars. This paper will attempt to elaborate Islamic views on issues pertaining to DNR.

Keywords: Do Not Resuscitate, end-of-life, mercy killing, Islamic jurisprudence.

Author Biographies

Mohammad Mustaqim Malek, Master Student

Department of Fiqh & Usul, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya

Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman, Assoc. Prof.

Department of Fiqh & Usul, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya

Mohd Shahnaz Hasan, Lecturer

Department of Anaesthesiology, Facultyof Medicine, University of Malaya

How to Cite
MALEK, Mohammad Mustaqim; ABDUL RAHMAN, Noor Naemah; HASAN, Mohd Shahnaz. Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Order: Islamic Views. Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 35-43, jan. 2018. ISSN 2289-9944. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 feb. 2018.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.