The Contribution Of Knowledge And Islamic Social Development According To The Tradition Of Tok Wan Ali Kutan
Tok Wan Ali Kutan al-Kalantānī is an early intellectual scholar in the Malay archipelago, especially in Kelantan. He sacrificed his entire time to serve for Islam by producing quality works in various disciplines. He was a teacher for most Malay intellectual scholars who came to Makkah to pursue religious knowledge. Though, the contribution of his works and skills in the field of scholarly did not stand out as Shaykh Dāwud al-Faṭānī, Shaykh Nawāwī al-Bantanī and others. The main issues that are discussed in this article are; [i] Tok Wan Ali Kutan’s background; [ii] Contribution of knowledge by Tok Wan Ali Kutan; and [iii] The foundations of community development by legacy Tok Wan Ali Kutan. This research is a qualitative study (literature) that involves data analysis dan text comparisons. The main sources of this research are his works and related writings on his biography and thoughts. The deductive and thematic approaches are also used as a method in analyzing the data of books related to Tok Wan Ali Kutan. In conclusion, Tok Wan Ali Kutan was an early intellectual who had contributed his thoughts into the production of books in the aspect of theology,hadith and tasawwuf. He was a renowned scholar who made his country proud of him by producing scholars who inherited his knowledge in developing Islamic teachings by opening pondok learning institutions for the development of the Muslim community.
Keywords: Tok Wan Ali Kutan, Biography, Knowledge, Development Society.