Motivasi Intrinsik Dan Ektrinsik yang Mempengaruhi Penglibatan Pelajar UKM Untuk Melakukan Aktiviti Fizikal
Physical activities are activities that every individual has to commit to doing every day. But, it also depends on various motives of student involvement. This study is conducted to identify the intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors that influence Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia students’ involvement in physical activities. 400 UKM students involving 200 male and 200 female students were chosen as the main respondents for this study. For the purpose of conducting this study, a questionnaire which was modified from the Exercise Motivations Inventory and Participation Motivation Questionnaire was employed to assess the intrinsic and extrinsic motivational factors that affect their involvement in physical activities. Results from this study exposed that the highest min value for extrinsic motivational factor is related to health and fitness (M = 4.37) while for extrinsic motivational factor, the highest is peers and friends (M = 3.97). Findings from this study also revealed that there is a significant difference in their involvement centred on intrinsic motivational factor of health and fitness (t = -5.05, p < 0.05) and the motivational factor related to the physical body (t = -6.51, p < 0.05) based on gender. While on the extrinsic motivational factor aspect, it revealed that only the family factor (t = -6.98, p < 0.05) showed a significant difference based on gender. Next, this study also found that the intrinsic motivational factor related to the physical body (52%) is the leading motivational factor that has left the biggest impact on students’ involvement while for the extrinsic motivational factor aspect, the role of the university (40%) is the leading factor when student involvement is of concern. The findings from this study is hoped to assist the university and UKM’s Sports Centre in planning activities, seminars and facilities that may benefit in attracting students’ interests and also expose them to the importance of healthy living and having a healthy lifestyle.