Conceptual Design of GIS Database for Heritage Building in Melaka
Heritage building in Melaka has been gazzeted by Perbadanan Muzium Melaka (PERZIM) and they have been a lot of data and documentation regarding the heritage buildings including Traditional House, Religious Building and Colonial Buildings. Currently all records regarding to heritage buildings in Melaka generally consist of measured drawings, archival photographs and reports. It caters primary knowledge regarding heritage and conservation in architecture which emphasizes on measuring, recording and documenting building in form of drawings using manual and computer aided techniques, report and multimedia presentation of selected building. All the measured drawing data about heritage buildings is increasing and there are no databased have been created to manage all the data in digital archives to accommodate with twenty first century technology. A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage and present spatial or geographic data. Therefore, GIS technology became a usual tool for heritage managers, conservators, restorers, architects, archaeologists, painters and all other categories of experts involved in cultural heritage activities. Web-based GIS uses the Internet to access and transmit data and the analysis tools to enhance the visualization and integration of spatial data. Before we develop the GIS Web application, the main thing that need to be emphasized is the conceptual design of GIS database regarding heritage buildings in Melaka. The Web GIS application will assist PERZIM and National Heritage Department (JWN) in managing data on heritage buildings and to preserve the heritage for next generation. Beside this application is very meaningful and align with I.R 4.0 where the cyber-physical systems are the basis and enable new capabilities in areas of studies.