Eksperimen Kesan Guna: Identifikasi Fungsi Alat Repeh Masyarakat Awal Paleolitik Tingkayu, Sabah

Use-Wear Experiment: Identifying the Functions of Palaeolithic People’s Flake Tools in Tingkayu, Sabah

  • Siti Khairani Abd Jalil Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Jeffrey Abdullah Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Velat Bujeng Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Mokhtar Saidin Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Peter Molijol Bahagian Arkeologi, Jabatan Muzium Sabah

Abstract

Budaya material arkeologi yang juga dikenali sebagai artifak merupakan warisan budaya ketara. Pada Zaman Paleolitik, budaya material yang biasanya ditemui ialah artifak batu. Artifak batu ini terdiri daripada  eralatan, alat dan sisa kerja. Salah satu daripada tumpuan dalam kajian artifak batu adalah untuk menentukan fungsinya. Penentuan fungsi alat batu boleh dilakukan melalui kaedah eksperimen. Hasil eksperimen tersebut akan dibandingkan dengan artifak alat batu. Hasil atribut eksperimen menjadi indikator terhadap artifak alat batu tentang fungsinya. Hasil analisis ini telah menunjukkan fungsi alat repih Tingkayu digunakan untuk aktiviti seperti menggergaji, meraut dan menggerudi. Secara tidak langsung, analisis ini menyumbangkan maklumat dari segi fungsi budaya material masyarakat Paleolitik dan turut mengukuhkan serta menambahkan data kesan guna alat repih di Malaysia, mahupun di Asia Tenggara.
Kata Kunci: Eksperimen, Paleolitik, fungsi, kesan guna, Tingkayu, alat repih


Abstract
Archaeological artefacts are a tangible heritage and a part of material culture. Artefacts from the palaeolithic age that are usually found are stone artefacts. These stone artefacts comprise tools, stone tools and work residue. One focus of material culture studies concerning stone artefacts is to determine their function. Determining the functions of stone tools can be achieved through experiments. The results of these experiments will be compared with stone tool artefacts. Attributes resulting from the experiment can be indicators to determine the real functions of stone tool artefacts. The results of the analysis reveal that the flake tools from Tingkayu were used in activities such as sawing, scraping and drilling. This analysis contributes to knowledge concerning the functions of use of tools in Palaeolithic societies, and strengthens as well as adds data on the use-wear of flake tools in Malaysia and Southeast Asia.
Keywords: Experiment, Palaeolithic, function, use-wear, flake tools, Tingkayu


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Author Biographies

Siti Khairani Abd Jalil, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global

Jeffrey Abdullah, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global

Velat Bujeng, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global

Mokhtar Saidin, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global

Peter Molijol, Bahagian Arkeologi, Jabatan Muzium Sabah

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global

Published
2019-07-04
How to Cite
ABD JALIL, Siti Khairani et al. Eksperimen Kesan Guna: Identifikasi Fungsi Alat Repeh Masyarakat Awal Paleolitik Tingkayu, Sabah. Melayu:Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 149-163, july 2019. ISSN 2682-8049. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/Melayu/article/view/4999>. Date accessed: 18 aug. 2019.