Ilustrasi Seni Visual Jin dalam Manuskrip Pelaga Lembu

Visual Illustrations of Jinn in the Pelaga Lembu Manuscript

  • Shahrul Anuar Shaari Universiti Malaya
  • Ab.Razak Ab. Karim Universiti Malaya
  • Nor Azlin Hamidon Universiti Malaya
  • Mohammad Nazzri Ahmad Universiti Malaya

Abstract

Artikel ini membincangkan ilustrasi visual makhluk halus, iaitu jin dalam naskhah manuskrip Alam Melayu, Pelaga Lembu (MS1649) dari Kelantan-Patani. Manuskrip ini dikarang sekitar 1860an-1920an, merupakan manuskrip tunggal yang menerangkan perihal adat dan tatacara penyediaan lembu pelaga sempena temasya laga lembu. Kandungan manuskrip mengandungi unsur teks dan ilustrasi jin mendominasi hampir setiap halaman manuskrip dengan pelbagai tujuan dan peranan. Reka bentuk ilustrasi jin yang dipamerkan merupakan aktiviti pengarang-pelukis dalam kalangan “orang pandai” seperti bomoh, dukun dan pawang merekodkan sesuatu peraturan berkaitan pengurusan lembu pelaga melalui bidang seni visual. Sifat dan ciri-ciri ilustrasi jin diterjemah dan berkomunikasi dalam medium seni simbolik melalui gaya kesenian rakyat. Proses pembentukan imej memperlihatkan kepelbagaian pengaruh kepercayaan masyarakat setempat yang telah bercampur baur suku dan etnik. Reka bentuk ilustrasi jin menjadi wahana seni visual mendasari sistem kepercayaan dalam amalan kebudayaan Alam Melayu. Lantas, hal ini membuktikan bahawa pengarang-pelukis ialah seniman pada zamannya dan kesenian visual Alam Melayu berkembang melalui kegiatan tulis dan lukis.
Kata kunci: Ilustrasi visual, jin, manuskrip Alam Melayu, kesenian


Abstract
Illustrations of supernatural beings called jinns (genies) have long existed in the manuscripts of the Malay world. One such manuscript is Pelaga Lembu (MS1649) from Kelantan‒Patani, which was composed from around the 1860s to the 1920s, and is a single manuscript describing the rites and rituals surrounding the readying of bulls for bullfighting. This manuscript contains text and illustrations of jinns, fulfilling various purposes and roles, that dominate almost every page of the manuscript. The illustrations of jinns were provided by writer-illustrators considered in the olden days to be “experts” in this field, such as shamans, mediums and medicine men, as a means to record—in visual means—the ways of handling fighting bulls. The characteristics and illustrations of jinns are interpreted, and communicated in a symbolic artistic medium through the folk art style. The image shows the variety of influences on the beliefs of the local community, with its tribal and ethnic diversity. The jinn illustrations are visual expressions displaying the belief system that lay at the very basis of the cultural practices in the Malay world some time ago. This proves that these authors were artists of their day, and that the Malay visual arts developed through writing and drawing.
Keywords: Illustrations, jinn, Malay manuscripts, arts


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Author Biographies

Ab.Razak Ab. Karim, Universiti Malaya

Akademi Pengajian Melayu

Nor Azlin Hamidon, Universiti Malaya

Akademi Pengajian Melayu

Mohammad Nazzri Ahmad, Universiti Malaya

Akademi Pengajian Melayu

Published
2019-07-04
How to Cite
SHAARI, Shahrul Anuar et al. Ilustrasi Seni Visual Jin dalam Manuskrip Pelaga Lembu. Melayu:Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 206-237, july 2019. ISSN 2682-8049. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/Melayu/article/view/4921>. Date accessed: 18 aug. 2019.