Warkah Sultan Ibrahim 1785-1794: Cerminan Politik dan Ekonomi Selangor pada Hujung Abad ke-18

Letters from Sultan Ibrahim 1785-1794: Selangor Political and Economic Reflections at the End of 18th Century

  • Abdur-Rahman Mohamed Amin Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Abstract

Artikel ini menganalisis kandungan 47 pucuk warkah yang dikirimkan oleh Sultan Selangor, iaitu Sultan Ibrahim sekitar penghujung abad ke-18 yang tersimpan dalam koleksi “Surat-surat Francis Light” (the Light Letters) dengan nombor rujukan MS 40320. Kesemua warkah ini merupakan manuskrip bertulisan jawi yang tersimpan di bahagian Arkib Perpustakaan School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Warkah Sultan Ibrahim ini telah dikumpulkan daripada koleksi “Surat-surat Francis Light” dan diatur semula susunannya mengikut tarikh yang tercatat pada warkah. Warkah ini sebahagian besarnya memaparkan hubungan antara Sultan Selangor, iaitu Sultan Ibrahim dengan Francis Light. Penganalisisan warkah termasuklah cap mohor, isi kandungan dan penutup warkah. Kandungan warkah menyentuh aspek politik, ekonomi, persenjataan dan urusan menunaikan fardu haji. Warkah ini merupakan rujukan bertulis yang penting bagi sejarah negeri Selangor kerana kandungannya yang memaparkan suasana politik, ekonomi dan sosial yang berlaku di Selangor pada zaman pemerintahan Sultan Ibrahim berdasarkan sumber daripada baginda sendiri.
Kata kunci: Surat-surat Francis Light, Selangor, Sultan Ibrahim, cap mohor


Abstract
This paper analyzes the content of 47 letters sent by the Sultan of Selangor, Sultan Ibrahim, at the end of the 18th century, which form a part of ‘The Light Letters’ collection, with the reference number MS 40320. These jawi-written manuscripts are preserved in the Archive and Special Collections of the School of Oriental and African Studies Library at the University of London. The letters from Sultan Ibrahim were retrieved from the collection of “The Light Letters” and reorganized according to the dates listed in these letters, beginning from 1785. These letters largely display the relationship between Sultan Ibrahim and Francis Light. The analysis included the seals of the sultan, content and closing statements. The content of the letters covers politics, the economy, weaponry and the hajj pilgrimage. In summary, these letters are important as a primary reference for studying the history of Selangor at the end of 18th century because of their content that shows the political and economic situations in Selangor, based on the writings by the sultan himself.
Keywords: The Light Letters, Selangor, Sultan Ibrahim, Malay Seals


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Published
2019-07-04
How to Cite
AMIN, Abdur-Rahman Mohamed. Warkah Sultan Ibrahim 1785-1794: Cerminan Politik dan Ekonomi Selangor pada Hujung Abad ke-18. Melayu:Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 181-205, july 2019. ISSN 2682-8049. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/Melayu/article/view/4342>. Date accessed: 18 aug. 2019.