Struktur Seni Bina Melayu “Tangga” dalam Peribahasa Melayu: Analisis Semantik Inkuisitif

(MALAY ARCHITECTURE STRUCTURE “STAIRCASE” IN MALAY PROVERBS: A SEMANTIC INQUISITIVE ANALYSIS)

  • Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Muhamad Fadzllah Zaini Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Abstract

Abstrak
Reka bentuk seni bina Melayu banyak memanfaatkan unsur alam dan dibina berdasarkan falsafah pemikiran masyarakat Melayu. Hubungan antara seni bina dengan pemikiran tergambar pada peribahasa yang diungkapkan oleh masyarakat Melayu. Artikel ini meneliti peribahasa Melayu yang berkaitan dengan struktur seni bina rumah Melayu dari sudut ilmu semantik. Data peribahasa dijana daripada laman sesawang Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (http://www.prpm.dbp.gov.my/). Sebanyak 63 peribahasa yang berkaitan dengan pelbagai objek alam benda seni bina berjaya dikumpulkan. Namun, kajian ini hanya menganalisis dan menghuraikan objek alam benda ‘tangga’sahaja kerana peratusan kehadirannya paling tinggi dalam peribahasa, di samping fungsinya yang unik. Analisis kajian menerapkan pendekatan Metafora Rantaian Utama Makhluk (RUM) dan Metonimi spesifik yang melambangkan generik bagi menghuraikan pemetaan kognitif daripada domain sumber yang konkrit kepada domain sasaran yang abstrak. Selanjutnya, pendekatan semantik inkuisitif pula menjawab kewajaran pemilihan objek sehingga mencerminkan akal budi Melayu. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan wujudnya ciri keperibadian manusia yang ditonjolkan melalui objek alam benda ‘tangga’, iaitu darjat, sikap realistik, dan maruah. Kepentingan tangga dari pelbagai aspek, seperti pembinaan, bahan, komponen dan budaya masyarakat berjaya mencerminkan akal budi Melayu. Kajian yang bersifat rentas disiplin ini berjaya memerikan suatu inovasi terhadap kajian linguistik dan seni bina Melayu.
Kata kunci: semantik inkuisitif, struktur seni bina, alam benda, peribahasa


Abstract
Malay architecture has undergone modifications due to cultural influences and development in its composition. Local architectures are established by natural elements and constructed based on the wisdom of the Malay mind. The relationship between the architecture and the Malay mind is reflected in the proverbs which are crafted by the Malay community. Accordingly, the study attempts to examine the Malay proverbs pertaining to the architectural structure of the Malay house within the framework of semantic theory. The relevant data are generated from Pusat Rujukan Persuratan MelayuData-Based, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (http://www.prpm.dbp.gov.my/). A total of 63 proverbs relating to natural objects of house architecture have been collected. However, this study only analyzes and describes the natural object ‘stair’ because its occurrence is the highest in the data along with its unique function. The analysis is couched in the Great Chain of being Metaphor and Metonymy symbolizes the generic for describing cognitive mapping from concrete source domain to abstract target domain. Subsequently, the inquisitive semantic approach explains the justifications of selecting the relevant objects, and explicates the reflection of the Malay mind. The findings demonstrate the existence of human personalities, such as status, realistic attitude, and dignity which are exemplified by the natural object ‘stair’. The importance of stairs from various aspects, such as construction, materials, components and culture positively reflect the Malay mind. This cross-discipline study successfully offers an innovation in the study of linguistics and Malay architecture.
Keywords: inquisitive semantic, architectural structure, natural object, the Malay proverbs

Author Biography

Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Pengarah ATMA

Published
2019-01-11
How to Cite
JALALUDDIN, Nor Hashimah; ZAINI, Muhamad Fadzllah. Struktur Seni Bina Melayu “Tangga” dalam Peribahasa Melayu: Analisis Semantik Inkuisitif. Melayu:Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 1-26, jan. 2019. ISSN 1675-6460. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/Melayu/article/view/4194>. Date accessed: 17 feb. 2019.