Api dalam Sekam: Menelusuri Faktor Pencetus Konflik Perkauman Melayu-Cina Selepas Pendudukan Jepun

(Discovering the Factors that Trigger Malay-Chinese Conflict after the Japanese Occupation)

  • Mohamed Ali Haniffa Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Nor Azlah Sham Rambely Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Ayu Nor Azilah Mohamad Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa

Abstract

Abstrak
Artikel ini meneliti faktor yang mencetuskan ketegangan hubungan antara orang Melayu dengan Cina selepas pemerintahan tentera Jepun di Tanah Melayu. Perjanjian Pangkor pada tahun 1874 mengubah landskap penjajahan British di Tanah Melayu. Imperialisme dan kolonialisme membawa kebanjiran imigran di Tanah Melayu dan kehilangan hak orang Melayu di tanah air sendiri. Pemerintahan tentera Jepun memberikan ruang kepada komunis melakukan kezaliman ketika melegitimasikan kuasa mereka. Prasangka yang berakar umbi diterjemahkan dalam bentuk konflik perkauman Melayu-Cina di Tanah Melayu. Orang Melayu yang dizalimi oleh penjajah mula memikirkan kelangsungan survival bangsa. Kajian menggunakan metodologi pendekatan sejarah, rekod kolonial dan wawancara informer tempatan. Ternyata, konflik perkauman Melayu-Cina membangkitkan semangat nasionalisme orang Melayu untuk menentang penjajah.
Kata kunci: Perjanjian Pangkor, imperialisme dan kolonialisme, Jepun, pergaduhan Melayu-Cina, nasionalisme


Abstract
This paper examines the factors that have sparked tensions between the Malays and the Chinese after the Japanese military rule in Malaya. The Pangkor Treaty in 1874 had changed the British colonial landscape in Malaya. Imperialism and colonialism have led to the influx of immigrants in Malaya and the loss of the rights of the Malays in their own homeland. The Japanese military rule has given opportunity to the communists to commit tyranny, especially when legitimising their power. The prejudice feeling has turned into Malay-Chinese racial conflict in Malaya. The Malays who had been mistreated by the colonialists began to think about the nation’s survival. This paper used a historical approach methodology, colonial records and interviews with local informers to study the problems that exist. It is proven that the Malay-Chinese racial conflict has had a positive impact in instilling the Malay’s awareness towards nationalism.
Keywords: Pangkor Treaty, imperialism and colonialism, Japan, Malay-Chinese conflicts, nationalism

Author Biographies

Nor Azlah Sham Rambely, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Jabatan Tamadun dan Falsafah,
Pusat Pengajian Bahasa, Tamadun dan Falsafah

Ayu Nor Azilah Mohamad, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa

Jabatan Kenegaraan dan Pengajian Ketamadunan,
Pusat Pengajian Teras

Published
2019-01-11
How to Cite
HANIFFA, Mohamed Ali; RAMBELY, Nor Azlah Sham; MOHAMAD, Ayu Nor Azilah. Api dalam Sekam: Menelusuri Faktor Pencetus Konflik Perkauman Melayu-Cina Selepas Pendudukan Jepun. Melayu:Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 109-123, jan. 2019. ISSN 1675-6460. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/Melayu/article/view/3997>. Date accessed: 17 feb. 2019.