Alam Melayu dari Sudut Pandangan Penulis Wanita Kolonial

(Women Colonial Writers and Their View of the Malay World)

  • Elizabeth Joanny Openg University College Sabah Foundation (UCSF)
  • Mohamad Rashidi Mohamad Pakri Universiti Sains Malaysia

Abstract

Artikel membincangkan sudut pandangan yang dikemukakan oleh penulis wanita pada zaman kolonial seperti Margaret Brooke (The Ranee of Sarawak) menerusi hasil tulisannya My Life in Sarawak (1913), Emily Innes menerusi karya The Chersonese and the Gilding Off (1885) dan Isabella Bird menerusi karya The Golden Chersonese and the Way Thither (1883). Ketiga-tiga karya ini ditulis semasa era pemerintahan British di Sarawak dan Tanah Melayu, sesuai dengan peranan Innes dan Bird sebagai isteri pegawai kolonial British di Tanah Melayu, serta Brooke sebagai isteri Raja Putih Sarawak. Sudut pandangan ketiga-tiga penulis terhadap nilai kehidupan Timur, orang Melayu dan ketamadunannya menampakkan perbezaan persepsi, ditambah pula dengan faktor latar belakang ekonomi dan status dalam masyarakat seperti yang dikemukakan oleh Sara Mills (2002). Kajian ini cuba membuktikan hasil penulisan para penulis tidak seragam (homogeneous) dan bersatu (unified) sesama mereka, malahan berselisih pendapat tentang beberapa perkara, terutamanya sudut pandangan mereka tentang polisi Kerajaan British di Tanah Melayu.
Kata kunci: kolonial, Sarawak, ranee, Melayu, Sarah Mills


This paper discusses the views expressed by three colonial women writers namely Margaret Brooke (The Ranee of Sarawak), Emily Innes and Isabella Bird. By comparing the results of their writings such as My Life in Sarawak (1913) by Margaret Brooke, Emily Innes and Isabella Bird, through their work, respectively, ie, The Chersonese and the Gilding Off (1885) and The Golden Chersonese and the Way Thither (1883). All three works was written during the era of British rule in Sarawak and Malaya and were closely linked with the role of Innes and Bird as the wife of the British colonial officer in Malaya as well as Margaret - the wife of Sarawak’s White Rajah. The viewpoint of these three authors regarding Malays and its civilisation reveal differences in their perception of the value of life in the East, coupled with the overall economic background and status in society as presented by Sara Mills (2002). This paper tries to show how these three authors are not uniform or homogeneous and ‘unified’ with each other where disagreement is evident, especially about their point of view regarding the policy of the British government in Malaya / Sarawak and also about the values of Malay civilisation itself.
Keywords: colonial, Sarawak, ranee, Malay, Sarah Mills


RUJUKAN


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Published
2019-01-11
How to Cite
OPENG, Elizabeth Joanny; MOHAMAD PAKRI, Mohamad Rashidi. Alam Melayu dari Sudut Pandangan Penulis Wanita Kolonial. Melayu:Jurnal Antarabangsa Dunia Melayu, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 78-96, jan. 2019. ISSN 1675-6460. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/Melayu/article/view/1559>. Date accessed: 25 apr. 2019.