Analisis Perbandingan Kesalahan dan Hukuman Berkaitan dengan Zakat dalam Enakmen Kesalahan Jenayah Syariah Negeri-negeri di Malaysia

TINJAUAN KHUSUS TERHADAP KESALAHAN DAN HUKUMAN BERKAITAN ZAKAT

  • Muhammad Hafiz Badarulzaman Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • SITI NABILAH SULAIMAN, Siti Nabilah Universiti Utara Malaysia

Abstract

Abstrak
Enakmen negeri merupakan suatu set undang-undang yang digubal
dan diluluskan pada peringkat Dewan Undangan Negeri (DUN)
seluruh Malaysia. Artikel ini bertujuan menganalisis kesalahan
dan hukuman berkaitan dengan zakat berdasarkan enakmen
negeri dengan meneliti pentadbiran dan pengurusan zakat di
Malaysia, undang-undang bertulis, iaitu perlembagaan, enakmen dan undang-undang subsidiari, serta kajian sejarah perundangan
zakat di Malaysia. Kajian yang dilakukan bersifat kualitatif dan
menggunakan kaedah kajian sejarah dan kajian perbandingan.
Dapatan kajian dianalisis menggunakan teknik deskriptif, iaitu
jadual dan carta, serta analisis berbentuk nisbah dan kadar.
Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa wujudnya perbezaan dari
segi kesalahan dan hukuman antara enakmen kesalahan jenayah
negeri-negeri di Malaysia.
Kata kunci: zakat, enakmen, Majlis Agama Islam Negeri, undangundang
syariah
Abstract
State enactments are sets of laws enacted and passed at the
State Legislative Assembly (Dewan Undangan Negeri, DUN)
in Malaysia. This article intends to analyze the offences and
punishments that relate to zakat (poor tax) based on state
enactments. This article begins by briefly describing the
administration and management of zakat in Malaysia. Next, the
literature review scans the sources of written law beginning with
the constitution, enactments and subsidiary laws as well as the
legal study of zakat in Malaysia. As legal research, this article is
qualitative in nature and employs the historical and comparative
approaches. The analysis involves descriptive techniques such as
tables and charts, as well as ratio and proportion analysis. In
comparing state criminal offence enactments, the findings of the
study show that there is a difference in offences and punishment
in Malaysia.
Keywords: zakat, enactments, State Islamic Religious Council,
Islamic law

Author Biography

SITI NABILAH SULAIMAN, Siti Nabilah, Universiti Utara Malaysia

Post Graduate Student,

Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business

UUM College of Business

Universiti Utara Malaysia

Published
2019-01-11
How to Cite
BADARULZAMAN, Muhammad Hafiz; SULAIMAN, SITI NABILAH. Analisis Perbandingan Kesalahan dan Hukuman Berkaitan dengan Zakat dalam Enakmen Kesalahan Jenayah Syariah Negeri-negeri di Malaysia. Kanun:Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, [S.l.], v. 31, n. 1, p. 85-104, jan. 2019. ISSN 0128-2670. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/Kanun/article/view/2841>. Date accessed: 17 feb. 2019.