Polisi dan Perundangan Penubuhan Institusi 157 Pendidikan Tinggi Berasaskan Wakaf: Kajian di Malaysia dan Indonesia

  • Husna Mohd Saadan Master Student
  • Siti Mashitoh Mahamood Universiti Malaya
  • Zaharah Hussin Universiti Malaya
  • Norwati Mansor Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia

Abstract

Pembangunan sesebuah negara sering diukur berdasarkan pembangunan institusi pendidikan tingginya (IPT). Kejayaan dan kelestarian tamadun Uthmaniyyah menunjukkan bahawa sistem pendidikan tinggi berasaskan wakaf membawa kesan positif kepada masyarakat di Turki. Oleh itu, sistem pendidikan berasaskan wakaf mula dipraktikkan di kebanyakan negara termasuk Malaysia dan Indonesia. Artikel ini bertujuan menganalisis perundangan dan prosedur yang terlibat dalam penubuhan IPT berasaskan wakaf. Kaedah kualitatif yang dilaksanakan melibatkan universiti di Malaysia dan Indonesia sebagai kajian kes. Temu bual secara separa struktur digunakan sebagai kaedah kutipan data dan disokong dengan rujukan polisi yang diguna pakai dan dokumen perundangan yang berkaitan. Hasil kajian mendapati, masih tiada polisi khusus berkaitan penubuhan IPT berasaskan wakaf bagi kedua-dua negara. Penubuhan IPT berasaskan wakaf di Malaysia dibuat berdasarkan perundangan berkaitan seperti Akta Universiti dan Kolej Universiti 1971, statut wakaf dan statut yang berkaitan dengan Pentadbiran Agama Islam Negeri. Manakala penubuhan IPT berasaskan wakaf di Indonesia, kebanyakannya melibatkan institusi swasta dan ditubuhkan melalui yayasan.
Kata kunci: institusi pendidikan tinggi, wakaf, polisi dan perundangan


A country’s development is closely related to the development of its Higher Education Institutions (HEI). The success and continued existence of the influences of the Ottoman caliphate has shown that the waqf-funded educational system has had a positive impact in Turkey. This system has also been adopted in many countries, including Malaysia and Indonesia. The main objective of this study is to analyse the legislation and the procedures involved in the establishment of the waqf-funded HEI. This study was conducted using qualitative methods involving universities in Malaysia and Indonesia as case studies. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection, supported by references to applicable policies and related legal documents. The findings of this study show that there are as yet no specific policies concerning the establishment of waqf-funded HEIs in both countries. Waqf-funded HEIs in Malaysia are established under the University and University Colleges Act 1971 and related regulations concerning waqf and state Islamic religious administration, while in Indonesia they are mostly private insitutions established through foundations.
Keywords: higher education institutions, waqf, policies, legislation


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Author Biographies

Siti Mashitoh Mahamood, Universiti Malaya

Jabatan Syariah dan Undang-undang,
Akademi Pengajian Islam

Zaharah Hussin, Universiti Malaya

Jabatan Pendidikan Asas dan Kemanusiaan,
Fakulti Pendidikan

Norwati Mansor, Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia

Fakulti Pendidikan

Published
2019-01-11
How to Cite
SAADAN, Husna Mohd et al. Polisi dan Perundangan Penubuhan Institusi 157 Pendidikan Tinggi Berasaskan Wakaf: Kajian di Malaysia dan Indonesia. Kanun: Jurnal Undang-undang Malaysia, [S.l.], v. 31, n. 1, p. 157-183, jan. 2019. ISSN 2682-8057. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/Kanun/article/view/2775>. Date accessed: 22 july 2019.