The Journal of International Business, Economics and Entrepreneurship is an enhancement of the previous Journal of International Business and Entrepreneurship.


It is with great pleasure that we welcome all contributors and readers to this newly refreshed and strongly revived JIBE. Our first issue this time is laden with scholarly articles and thought provoking papers as a teaser to more interesting papers to come.


There is an energetic team working on this revitalized JIBE and our aim is to make this journal one that is acknowledged and widely referred to in academia and practical circles. Your support is very much appreciated and your contributions are always anticipated. With a wider area of focus, the articles written and presented may touch on a variety of issues and subject matters. Definitely, JIBE today aims to become a journal that will be the strong source of academic reference and it is on this platform that we invite prolific writers, keen researchers and avid investigators to continuously support us in our quest. Welcome aboard all and may this be the start of many good things to come.


JIBE is an international peer reviewed online journal published 2 times a year (June and December) by the Faculty of Business and Management and UiTM Press, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.