Correlation of Serum HER-2/neu Levels with Clinico-Pathological Variables and Tissue Immunohistochemistry in Breast Carcinoma

  • Islam Barkatullah
  • Syed Shamshad Ahmad
  • Kafil Akhtar JN MEDICAL COLLEGE
  • Tariq Mansoor

Abstract

Introduction: Serum levels of HER-2/neu protein is raised in primary as well as metastatic  breast cancer and  decreased serum HER-2/neu concentration in patients treated with HER- 2/neu inhibitors like trastuzumab is a good prognostic indicator in metastatic cases. Aims: To evaluate the concordance of serum HER-2/neu concentration with tissue HER-2/neu immunohistochemistry and determine its relationship with various prognostic indicators like age, size of tumour, lymph node status, grade, and stage of tumour. Materials and methods: The preoperative serum samples of 56 clinically and cytologically diagnosed cases of breast carcinoma were taken and postoperative mastectomy specimens were examined for the histologic type, lympho-vascular invasion, stage, and grade of the tumour. Immunohistochemical study of HER-2/neu  xpression and HER-2/neu serum biochemistry was studied. Results: Age of the patients ranged from 25-75 years. Twenty-three cases (41.1%) were premenopausal while 33 cases (58.9%) postmenopausal. Forty-seven cases (83.9%) were of the infiltrating ductal carcinoma (NOS) type. Serum positivity for HER-2/neu was noted in 29 (51.8%) cases. Serum HER-2/neu levels showed a positive correlation with increase in tumour size, grade, stage of tumour and lymph node involvement. Serum HER-2/neu positivity was seen in 20 (68.9%) IHC positive patients and 9 (33.3%) IHC negative patients, with a statistically significant correlation (p=0.005). Conclusions: Serum HER-2/neu levels directly correlate with prognostic factors like tumour size, grade, stage of the tumour and lymph node metastasis and can be used as a complimentary tool to tissue HER-2/neu  immunohistochemistry.

Published
2021-03-01
How to Cite
BARKATULLAH, Islam et al. Correlation of Serum HER-2/neu Levels with Clinico-Pathological Variables and Tissue Immunohistochemistry in Breast Carcinoma. Journal of Clinical and Health Sciences, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 18-24, mar. 2021. ISSN 0127-984X. Available at: <http://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/JCHS/article/view/9829>. Date accessed: 22 apr. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/jchs.v6i1.9829.

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