Correlation of Serum HER-2/neu Levels with Clinico-Pathological Variables and Tissue Immunohistochemistry in Breast Carcinoma
Introduction: Serum levels of HER-2/neu protein is raised in primary as well as metastatic breast cancer and decreased serum HER-2/neu concentration in patients treated with HER- 2/neu inhibitors like trastuzumab is a good prognostic indicator in metastatic cases. Aims: To evaluate the concordance of serum HER-2/neu concentration with tissue HER-2/neu immunohistochemistry and determine its relationship with various prognostic indicators like age, size of tumour, lymph node status, grade, and stage of tumour. Materials and methods: The preoperative serum samples of 56 clinically and cytologically diagnosed cases of breast carcinoma were taken and postoperative mastectomy specimens were examined for the histologic type, lympho-vascular invasion, stage, and grade of the tumour. Immunohistochemical study of HER-2/neu xpression and HER-2/neu serum biochemistry was studied. Results: Age of the patients ranged from 25-75 years. Twenty-three cases (41.1%) were premenopausal while 33 cases (58.9%) postmenopausal. Forty-seven cases (83.9%) were of the infiltrating ductal carcinoma (NOS) type. Serum positivity for HER-2/neu was noted in 29 (51.8%) cases. Serum HER-2/neu levels showed a positive correlation with increase in tumour size, grade, stage of tumour and lymph node involvement. Serum HER-2/neu positivity was seen in 20 (68.9%) IHC positive patients and 9 (33.3%) IHC negative patients, with a statistically significant correlation (p=0.005). Conclusions: Serum HER-2/neu levels directly correlate with prognostic factors like tumour size, grade, stage of the tumour and lymph node metastasis and can be used as a complimentary tool to tissue HER-2/neu immunohistochemistry.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The Copyright of this article is hereby assigned to JCHS effective upon acceptance by the Journal for publication. This assignment is for the exclusive right of reproduction and distribution of the article, including excerpts, translations, photographic reproduction, electronic formats (online and offline), or any other form of analogical reproduction. An author may make the article available on a personal website provided that the Journal’s name and date of publication are cited and the publisher is cited as the copyright owner.